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What Happens When You ‘Delete’ Something On The Internet

What Happens When You ‘Delete’ Something On The Internet

Have you ever thought what really happens when you delete data on the Internet?

Many a times we post something on our Facebook or Twitter wall only to realise the post is dumb enough to be deleted. If you thought that after your deleting the data, it is done and dusted, you are wrong. Anything that one posts on social media is not private. What about the awkward Facebook statuses or tweets that you may have posted years ago but have deleted since? Can you ever actually remove something from the Internet?

The answer to this question is largely a grey area as no one can be absolutely sure about it.

Behnam Dayanim, Esq., a Washington, D.C.-based lawyer who specializes in privacy and cyber security, says, “Whether or not something is deleted isn’t within the user’s control.”

For instance, take a regular email. When you delete it from your inbox, it goes to a “Deleted Items” folder. You permanently kill that message from your end by emptying that folder.

However, Dayanim says that even a double-deleted item could remain on your email provider’s servers for an unspecified amount of time.

He further adds that there also chances that your details could wind up in the hands of hackers in the event of a security breach. This implies for all social media posts, emails, and text messages, too.

Since you have given clear permission to these companies to hold on to your data at the time of agreeing to their ambiguous privacy policies, you cannot do much about this.

Here’s a sample of what basically do those policies say:

Facebook

The world’s largest social network website saves your data for “as long as necessary to provide products and services to you and others.” This in reality means your deleted data is never really deleted from Facebook servers.

Gmail

Google’s Gmail also follows a similar polity to Facebook. Gmail “may not immediately delete residual copies from our active servers,” after you delete an email.

Twitter

Twitter doesnt have a forthright answer to this question. It doesn’t state on what it does when you delete a Tweet, but says that “search engines and other third parties may still retain copies of your public information, like your user profile information and public Tweets, even after you have deleted the information from the Twitter Services or deactivated your account.”

Snapchat

When you view a snap, it’s automatically deleted from the company’s servers—in “most cases.” It doesnt however stipulate exactly in which cases the images are saved. Snapchat “can’t guarantee that the messages will be deleted within a specific timeframe” and says your snap “may remain in backup for a limited period of time.”

Instagram

Instagram owned by Facebook is as ambiguous as its parent about the content deletion policy. The photo sharing site says it may hold information for “a commercially reasonable time for backup, archival, and/or audit purposes.”

As mentioned earlier, it is very ambiguous. Dayanim says that the common link is that companies can recover your data based on particular circumstances, like requests from law enforcement or a subpoena.

Are you freaked out by this? Don’t worry, Cyberdust will ease some of your fear. This Mark Cuban-backed app, which is free for iOS, Android, and Windows platforms asserts to permanently wipe every message you send within 100 seconds of recipients reading it, which also includes the company servers.

Hopefully, you have not posted anything that could land you in trouble or in jail. It’s more realistic to make a social media blunder that risks your job—like the people behind these recent scandals. Warning…don’t follow their footsteps.

• In 2013, PR consultant Justine Sacco Tweeted a cheap joke: ‘Going to Africa. Hope I don’t get AIDS. Just kidding. I’m white!’ Thousands of angry people had replied to the Tweet by the time she got off her 11-hour flight, and the hashtag #HasJustineLandedYet was trending globally.

Sacco lost her job soon after the blunder. She’s the subject of Jon Ronson’s recent book, So You’ve Been Publicly Shamed.

• Earlier this year, Rory Cullinan, former chairman of the Royal Bank of Scotland, was sacked from his position after his daughter posted screenshots of their private Snapchat messages to her Instagram account. Cullinan sent snaps from his office, with captions like “Another friggin meeting.” While it appeared innocent, Cullinan was, however, fired weeks later.

• In 2011, the British Ministry had dismissed a Buckingham Palace guard of his duties of guarding the Royal Wedding after he posted comments about Kate Middleton on his Facebook page, calling her a “posh bitch” and “stupid stuck-up cow.”

• In 2014, James Franco messaged a 17-year-old on Instagram, asking if she was single and wanted to meet up. When the girl asked him to prove that it was Franco, which the actor provided—then posted screenshots of the exchange on Imgur.

Franco copped to the exchange, but got a shabby reputation for chatting up teens.

• Recently, Amy Pascal, one of Hollywood’s most powerful executives, resigned from her role as head of Sony’s movie division after hackers leaked private emails between her and other producers late last year. Pascal in her messages had made racially insensitive comments about Barack Obama and disrespected celebrities like Angelina Jolie.

In the end, every time you are about to send something out, you need to ask yourself a few important questions: Will this get me fired? Will it hurt my chances of getting in the future? Will it offend someone?

If your status, photo, or text cannot pass the above set of questions, then it is most likely not worth posting it.

Source: Men’sHealth

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Entire Internet At Risk With This Newly Discovered Critical Bug

Entire Internet At Risk with This Newly Discovered Critical Bug

Supercritical DNS bug affects nearly all of the Internet and could take years to patch

Security researcher, Dan Kaminsky has reported that an eight-year-old bug in the Internet’s Domain Name Service (DNS) could be used to widely spread malware. In fact, the bug is so critical that a potential hacker could take over the victim’s computer remotely by exploiting it.

Kaminsky says a flaw found in the Gnu C standard library, aka “glibc,” can trick browsers into looking up shady domain names. Servers could then reply with overly-long DNS names, causing a buffer overflow in the victim’s software. That would in turn let hackers execute code remotely and possibly take over a machine.

The bug is new and has been around since May 2008. Kaminsky said “the buggy code has been around for quite some time, so it’s really worked its way across the globe.” In other words, it could ages for the fix to be applied broadly.

Considering how widespread the bug is, it could be rated on the same scale as Heartbleed and others and it could be more widespread than its predecessors. Kaminsky pointed out that the latest hole was coded into Gnu DNS libraries just months after he corrected other serious DNS flaws in 2008. Surprisingly the bug doesnt affect Android devices.

It has not yet been established that the code can be executed remotely nor has it been found to be exploited in the wild.

Redhat, which discovered the vulnerability along with Google, said that “a back of the envelope analysis shows that it should be possible to write correctly formed DNS responses with attacker controlled payloads that will penetrate a DNS cache hierarchy and therefore allow attackers to exploit machines behind such caches.”

Kaminsky says that the bug makes servers vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attacks right now, if hackers gain access to certain servers. Kaminsky calls a “solid critical vulnerability by any normal standard.” Now, the only question is whether things will get much worse.

Click here if you’re a DNS expert and don’t need to be told how DNS works.
Click here if your interests are around security policy implications and not the specific technical flaw in question.

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You may never have heard of these 10 amazing websites

Here Are Top 10 Amazing Websites that You Never Knew Existed

We all surf Internet daily where we regularly visit websites which are known to us or popular. Sometimes we come across a website which offers us a bit of information. We often bookmark such website and let everybody in our social circles know about it. But such websites are rare to come by, hence Techworm has prepared a list of some amazing websites that you never knew existed.

Here are 10 such websites

1. Hackertyper

Hackertyper is one such amazing website on this list. You can prank your friends by showing of your coding speed on this website. Open this website and just press anything. The website is designed to show your keystrokes as code.

Hackertyper

Hackertyper

2. 10Minutemail.com

10Minutemail is a service that lets you create an email address only for 10 minutes. You can use this website to get an email id for getting subscription or entering fake id on any website. The beauty of this website is that all your mails will self destruct in 10 minutes.

10minutemail

10Minutemail

3. Fake Name Generator

If you are a shy kind of guy or a privacy lover and hate to share your real name, this website will help you to create a fake full ID with full details. This website generates random fake id for any user and for any purpose.

fakenamegenerator

Fakenamegenerator.com

4. Down for Everyone or Just Me

Sometimes many website go down or not open in your computer. This website helps you to check if website is really down or it’s just for you.

is it down

Downforeveryoneorjustme.com

5. Date to Date Calculator

Calculate difference between two dates and year. Additionally, this site offers you some really nice stats.

6. Take Screenshot of Any Webpage

You can take full HD screenshot of any webpage and convert that screenshot into JPG/JPEG, PNG and PDF format.

You may never have heard of these 10 amazing websites

Web Capture

7. Use Google without Country Restriction

When you enter google.com , Google redirect you to country domain like google.in or google.co.uk. If you want to use Google without any country restrictions, open google.com/ncr .

Google NCR

8. Virustotal

If your friend sends you suspicious file or you download any file from the Internet you might risk getting a virus on your computer. With this website you can check whether your file contains any virus or not.

Virustotal is a free online virus scanner.

virustotal

Virustotal

9. Live Hacking Attack Map

This website allows you to see live DDoS attacks taking place all over the world. You can see attacking IPs, attack types, ports and lots of other info.

live hacking attacks

IPviking

10. You can Destroy My Website

This neat little Javascript trick lets you destroy websites. When you open the link given below, an arrow will open on the screen. Now Press space and enjoy the shooting. Control the arrow with arrows keys.

space shoot

Drag the button on your bookmarks bar to destroy some other website.You can even participate on the global leaderboard here.

Destroy this Website.

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This new Terahertz radio transmitter lets you surf the Internet at 100 Gbps

This new Terahertz radio transmitter lets you surf the Internet at 100 Gbps

Surfing the Internet at breakneck speeds now possible as Japanese scientists fire up 100Gbps wireless broadband connection

Surfing the Internet or playing online games in a jiffy may now be possible as Japanese scientists have developed a new technology which will allow data transmissions of upto 100Gbps.

The Japanese National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Panasonic and Hiroshima University claim to have developed a terahertz (THz) transmitter that can achieve wireless data connections of up to 100Gbps (gigabits per second).

This technology could open a new frontier in wireless communication with data rates ten times higher than current technology allows. Details of the technology were presented at the “International Solid-State Circuit Conference (ISSCC) 2016,” held from January 31 to February 4 in San Francisco, California.

The development of a CMOS transmitter operating in the 275-305GHz range has allowed them to establish high-speed connections over multiple channels, and created the headroom needed for speeds that would rival those of fiber cables. Currently, this frequency range is unallocated and is due to be discussed at the World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC) 2019.

The THz band’s frequencies are higher than those used by the millimetre-wave wireless local area network (from 57 to 66GHz), and the available bandwidths are wider. THz is said to be suited to ultrahigh-speed communications, since the speed of a wireless link is proportional to the bandwidth in use.

Most of the wireless communication technologies today use lower frequencies (5GHz or below) with high-order digital modulation schemes, such as the quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM), to increase data rates within limited bandwidths available. The research group has successfully demonstrated that QAM is feasible at 300 GHz with CMOS and that THz wireless technology could offer a serious boost in wireless communication speed.

“Now THz wireless technology is armed with very wide bandwidths and QAM-capability. The use of QAM was a key to achieving 100 gigabits per second at 300 GHz,” said Prof. Minoru Fujishima, Graduate School of Advanced Sciences of Matter, Hiroshima University.

“Today, we usually talk about wireless data-rates in megabits per second or gigabits per second. But I foresee we’ll soon be talking about terabits per second. That’s what THz wireless technology offers. Such extreme speeds are currently confined in optical fibers. I want to bring fiber-optic speeds out into the air, and we have taken an important step toward that goal,” he added.

Prof Fujishima added that the research group plans to further develop 300GHz ultrahigh-speed wireless circuits.

This work was supported by the R&D on wireless transceiver systems with CMOS technology in 300-GHz band, as part of an R&D program on key technology in terahertz frequency bands of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan.

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Internet2 is the alternate Internet which gives a speed of 10 to 100 Gigabits per second

Internet2 is the alternate Internet which gives a speed of 10 to 100 Gigabits per secondInternet2 is the alternate Internet which gives a speed of 10 to 100 Gigabits per second

Here is a low-profile, high-speed Internet2 that delivers a speed of 10 to 100 gigabits/sec

Did you know that United States of America has a alternative Internet called Internet2. In fact it has celebrated its 19th birthday this year. Internet2 is a very low profile WAN that gives its users a amazing 10 to 100 gigabits/sec speeds but sadly it is not open for ordinary users.

Internet2 was created by 34 university research institutions in 1996, when the commercial and non-commercial branches of the Internet’s evolutionary tree split off and went their separate ways. The mission of Internet2 was to provide reliable, dedicated bandwidth to support the ever-growing demands of the research and educational communities, and in doing so, to develop technologies that would advance the state of the ‘commodity’ Internet.

Spread of Internet2

Internet2 is a not-for-profit United States computer networking consortium led by members from the research and education communities, industry, and government. Internet2 headquarters are located in Ann Arbor, Michigan, with offices in Washington, D.C. and Emeryville, California.

As of January, 2016, Internet2 has over 1000 members including 282 institutions of higher education, 9 partners and 86 members from industry.

Internet2 comprises of :

  • 282 U.S. institutions of higher education
  • 86 leading corporations
  • 66 affiliate members, including government agencies
  • 42 regional and state education networks
  • More than 65 national research and education networking partners representing over 100 countries

Internet2 operates the Internet2 Network, an Internet Protocol network using optical fiber that delivers network services for research and education, and provides a secure network testing and research environment.

The Internet2 backbone is an Infinera-based optical network that delivers up to 400Gbps of wavelength capacity. The network is operated in partnership with Level 3 Communications. And Juniper routers are used to create multiple 10 Gigabit Ethernet links between nine core nodes around the country.

Internet2 can provide downstreaming speeds ranging from 10G to 100Gbps. Internet2 is also the link between the U.S. and the global research community. For example, U.S. scientists involved in the Large Hadron Collider particle physics research in Europe could not participate without Internet2.

Internet2 is growing a faster clip ever since it invited private corporations on board. However, as of now all this is for research, higher education and healthcare.

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These 15 Mind-Blowing Statistics Reveal What Happens on the Internet in a Minute

These 15 Mind-Blowing Statistics Reveal What Happens on the Internet in a Minute

What happens on the internet in a minute? Read these 15 awesome statistics that will blow your mind!

Do you know that an astounding amount of data gets generated every minute of every day, when a Internet user connects to, or searches for, creates, downloads, watches, and shops for content.

All this data does make sense as it is important for the growth and success of any company or brand.

There are 3.2 billion people that make today’s global internet population, do you know what are they doing online?

Recently, Domo, a business intelligence startup released the third instalment of their infographic, with 15 mind-blowing statistics for 2015.

  • Every minute:
    • Nearly 300 hours of video are uploaded by YouTube users, which is an increase from 72 hours a year ago.
    • Nearly 80,000 hours of video are streamed by Netflix subscribers.
    • More than 34,000 videos are watched by BuzzFeed users.
    • More than 1.7 million photos are liked by Instagram users.
    • Nearly 300,000 snaps are shared by Snapchat users.
    • Vine users view more than 1 million videos.
    • Pinterest pinners pin nearly 10,000 images, which is an increase from 3,400 a year ago.
  • If this is not enough, here are five more huge stats:
    • More than 4.1 million posts are liked by Facebook users.
    • Apple users download 51,000 apps, which is a slight increase from 48,000 a year ago.
    • Twitter users tweet more than 347,000 times, which has gone up from 277,000 a year ago.
    • Amazon sees more than 4,310 unique visitors.
    • Nearly 700 rides are taken by Uber passengers.

Have a look at all the 15 stats here:

eHacking also made an interesting infographic about what people do every one minute on the Internet. The same is given below :

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Facebook vs Indian Govt : TRAI slams Facebook for its Free Basic and Net Neutrality Stand

Facebook vs Indian Govt : TRAI slams Facebook for its Free Basic and Net Neutrality Stand

Net Neutrality Standoff Escalates As TRAI Hauls Facebook Over the Coals

Even as the Parliamentary panel on net neutrality is set to meet next week, the ongoing war between Facebook and TRAI has started intensifying.

Social networking giant Facebook has alleged that someone at the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India’s (TRAI) office has blocked emails from its websites through which people shared their views on differential pricing for data services, a key issue of net neutrality.

In a startling series of e-mail exchanges made public on January 19, the regulatory body delivered a scathing indictment of Facebook’s lobbying practices, accusing the company of converting the regulator’s consultation process into a “crudely majoritarian and orchestrated opinion poll” and wilfully disregarding its request to better inform Facebook’s users.

After TRAI circulated a consultation paper on regulatory framework for differential pricing, Facebook has launched a public campaign to defend its free Internet platform Free Basics, through which it aims to provide free access to select websites and applications.

The social media has launched a massive campaign to gather support in its favour, as it apprehends that the regulator may ban its Free Basics platform, which allows access to some applications and websites.

In a letter to the regulator, Facebook has said that despite clear and timely efforts by millions of Indians to send their comments, “someone with access to designated TRAI email account appears to have blocked receipt of all emails from Facebook to that TRAI account,” reports the sources.

The letter written by Ankhi Das, Facebook’s Public Policy Director for India, states that “Specifically, our inquiry revealed that on December 17 05:51:53 GMT, an individual … took action that blocked Facebook from delivering any additional emails to [email protected] This appears to have been accomplished by unsubscribing from receiving all further emails from Facebook, effectively requesting that Facebook cease delivering emails to the address. This action prevented the Facebook system from sending further responsive emails to TRAI.”

The last date for public comments on TRAI paper was earlier December 30, which was later extended to January 7. As per TRAI data, it has received around 24 lakh comments till January 7.

In response, TRAI has made public a series of mail exchanges with Facebook in which it has slammed the social media site.

In response to Das’s letter, which is dated January 13, TRAI’s Joint Adviser K.V. Sebastian points out that if the regulatory body had been informed right away, it could have taken steps to correct the error.

In his reply, Sebastian writes “If this were indeed the case, TRAI should have been informed immediately for appropriate steps to be taken. In fact, a similar instance of user complaint regarding the non-functioning of an email address during the response period for this Consultation paper was brought to the notice of TRAI by individual stakeholders and the situation was immediately rectified. It is surprising that it took over 25 days for you to inform TRAI of this.”

Sebastian further points out that in the spirit of ensuring that all points are heard, which TRAI made clear to Facebook in a meeting on January 14, the regulator will take into account all relevant responses that are made available to it; including ones that Facebook handed over to TRAI on a pen-drive on January 14.

Releasing number of responses received through facebookmail.com and supportfreebasics.in, TRAI has said that it received only 1.89 million, while Facebook’s claimed the number to be more than 11 million supporting its plan to make parts of the Internet available for free under ‘Free Basics’.

This is first ever consultation paper on which TRAI has received maximum comments from people.

An enquiry of a record 24 lakh comments, as disclosed by TRAI to its consultation paper on differential pricing for data services, shows that 18.94 lakh replies are in support of Free Basics, of which 13.5 lakh views are through supportfreebasics.in and without the senders individual e-mail IDs, while further 5.44 lakh comments have come from facebookmail.com.

On the other hand, the Net Neutrality campaigners have submitted 4.84 lakh comments through forums like Save the Internet. Besides, there are also comments from telecom and Internet service providers, industry bodies and individuals.

Telecome operators such as Airtel, Vodafone, Idea, Reliance Communications and their respective associations, have supported differential pricing for data services, while Internet service providers have opposed the plan.

“For the growth of data service, price differentiation for data services can be allowed,” operators have submitted.

Nasscom said issues concerning differential pricing for data services need careful consideration because of their possible impact on net neutrality. On the other hand, the IT industry body said data plans offered by telecom companies to the consumer have to be neutral between their own and competing Internet platforms and services.

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China’s country code “.cn” becomes world’s largest domain

China's country code ".cn" becomes world's largest domain

China’s country code domain “.cn” surpasses Germany’s ‘.de’ domain to become largest in the world

China’s country code domain ‘.cn’ has managed to go past Germany’s ‘.de’ domain to become the world’s most frequently used domain in the internet.

Xinhua referred to the data released on Friday that China Internet Network Information Centre (CNNIC), which manages the domain “.cn” had 16.36 million users by the end of 2015 surpassing Germany’s “.de. ‘.cn’ is managed through a branch of the ministry of industry and information.

CNNIC head Li Xiaodong said the ‘.cn’ domain is also leading in security, domain resolution service, and the ratio of benign uses in the world.

The ‘.cn’ domain is able to protect users’ interests and lessen online theft, phishing and fraud, as China started to require real-name registration in 2009, Li said.

Germany’s ‘.de’ domain in the past had the biggest number of registered websites.

The CNNIC said that the domain is not only extensively used by Chinese companies and institutions but also by overseas institutions and multinationals.

State-run Xinhua news agency reported that besides commercial banks, it is used by all central and provincial governments in China and by many of the telecom companies.

Among those who use it are multinationals which include Apple, Microsoft, Citibank and Amazon.

According to the official data, China has around 670 million internet users and over 4.13 million websites.

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Dark Web has its own first major news publication

Dark Web has its own first major news publication

ProPublica launches Dark Web’s first major new site

Everything about the Dark Web is a big taboo and deservedly so considering that it has a pretty nasty reputation. Over the years since the dark web came into being, it has been known as a favourite haunt for cyber criminals, black hat hackers, drug peddlers etc.

Investigative news publication ProPublica thinks it can correct this viewpoint in its own way. On Wednesday, ProPublica became the first known major media outlet to launch a version of its site that runs as a “hidden service” on the Tor network, the anonymity system that powers the thousands of untraceable websites that are sometimes known as the darknet or dark web.

ProPublica says that its publication can clear some of the doubts users have about the dark web, “We don’t want anyone to know that you came to us or what you read,” ProPublica‘s web developer Mike Tigas told Wired.

The publication wants to ensure that people behind repressive and heavily censored nations can read its Pulitzer-winning work are safely on the dark web without being spotted.

It seems slowly and steadily the dark web is attracting main stream media and tech companies. Even Facebook joined the dark web while many other tech companies are thinking of joining it soon.

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World’s first website has turned 25, here’s how it looks like

World's first website has turned 25, here is how it looks like

On Dec 20, the world’s first ever website has became 25 years old

On 20 December 1990, Tim Berners-Lee, a scientist at the CERN research facility in Switzerland, turned on the world’s first website.

Hosted by the World Wide Web (where “www” comes from) on Berners-Lee’s NeXT computer, the site was used internally by CERN scientists until the whole server was opened up to anyone with an Internet connection in August 1991.

The website itself is like a ‘self-help’ guide to the web – it tells you how to access other people’s documents and how to set up your own server. In 2013, CERN made an effort to return it to its original address, and you can visit it here now, in stripped-down form.

As Berners-Lee explained in his initial proposal for the World Wide Web project, clarity of words was more important than fancy graphics: “Where facilities already exist, we aim to allow graphics interchange, but in this project, we concentrate on the universal readership for text, rather than on graphics.”

World's first website

There are now more than 4 billion webpages and just under a billion domains, but none are quite so special as the pages that started it all. Max Slater-Robins over at Business Insider has rounded up some of the key players, and let’s just say web design has come a long way since 1990.

Produced by Martijn Koster at CERN in 1993, Aliweb was the world’s first search engine. While it allowed early web users to index their sites via keywords and written descriptions, it never really took off, and had a relatively short lifespan. You can still access it here.

aliweb (Custom)

You may like to know more about domains, FQDN(fully qualified domain name) and TLD(top level domain).

Head to Business Insider to see more of the world’s first websites, including the first effort from the White House and Yahoo.

Of course, no huge project is achieved without some lingering regrets, and for Berners-Lee, it’s those damned forward slashes. “Sir Tim has admitted that he shouldn’t have bothered putting two slashes after the HTTP: in URLs,” says Iain Thomson at The Register.

But at least he hasn’t embarrassed himself by posting any dumb cat videos over the past 25 years of being online. “To this date, he’s never posted a cat picture online, although he did once send someone a picture of his dog,” says Thomson.

Not only the story of its birth is the reason we are excited about WWW, the change it has brought in the world is more than remarkable . It is hard to imagine this much technical progress and development of “gadgets of future” without the involvement of world wide web. While new threats have also emerged out of this new aspect of computing, the connectivity offered is worth risk taking.

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