How AI And ML can help Test Automation

People often say technology is constantly changing. But its customers demand easier and faster solutions to issues requiring better technology.

For the same reason, AI and ML are buzzwords.

ABI predicts that the market for IoT-related AI and ML services will reach US$3.6 billion by 2026, expanding at a 40% CAGR. But can they be any good for test automation?

What are AI and ML?

Artificial intelligence is a computer’s ability to simulate human cognitive abilities like learning and problem-solving. A computer system affects human learning and decision-making using mathematics and logic with artificial intelligence.

Machine learning is a part of AI. It is the practice of using mathematical data models to assist a computer in learning without explicit direction. This allows a computer system to continue understanding and improving depending on its experience.

How AI helps in automation?

The testers face many challenges while doing the testing following conventional methods. Ai-based testing insights will help them to overcome those challenges.

Lack of skilled professionals

Finding the right team with the right skill set for scripting is a significant challenge in automation testing. Businesses can get around the difficulty of hiring the best people by using AI-based test automation tools, which give testers a platform to write automated tests with little to no coding required.

Repetitive tasks

No matter how modular a test automation project is, teams must rewrite much code every time a new test is needed. Artificial intelligence can rapidly and automatically generate test scripts, overcoming this difficulty. Inputs and outputs from previous projects can be used to train AI tools to develop test scripts for future projects with similar requirements automatically.

Unreliable testing

Flaky tests fail to reproduce the expected results reliably, delaying software release for no good reason. Teams spend hours figuring out if bugs in the application or errors in the test cases caused a failed test. Artificial intelligence (AI) can assist teams in overcoming the challenge of unreliable tests by developing more robust test cases and identifying patterns in random test failures to expedite the process.

Frequent script updates as a result of UI changes

Businesses frequently update the app’s User Interface (UI) to ensure a consistent User Experience (UX). Minor or inconsequential as the update may be, it still has the potential to trigger an error in the test scripts when the page is navigated to specific locations or actions are performed. It is possible to train AI and ML-based algorithm-based tools to spot even the most minor code changes or bugs in an application. These tools can then act accordingly, saving time and effort usually spent by humans updating scripts to reflect such subtle shifts.

Determining appropriate test size and test cases

Regression tests must be run after any time the application changes. Of course, in a dynamic setting, it would be impractical to run every single test case in the regression suite after every single change. Therefore, testing teams always need help deciding how many test cases to run in response to a given shift. The size and configuration of the regression test suite can be determined for a given change with the help of AI-built algorithms.

Maintaining the test suites/test scripts.

Keep the test suites and scripts updated as the application grows in size. Technology based on artificial intelligence can help with this problem by keeping test scripts up to date and extracting the necessary ones when testing is needed.

How ML helps in automation?

Enormous test data

Companies that employ Agile development to establish continuous testing do numerous forms of testing every day. This comprises unit testing, API testing, functionality testing, accessibility testing, and integration testing. With ML technology, administrators can efficiently slice, and dice testing data, identify trends and patterns, assess business dangers, and make faster decisions. These tasks are error-prone, manual, and often impossible without machine learning.

Quality Judgments

DevOps enables development organizations and teams to provide new products and value to customers rapidly. Developers benefit greatly from determining each feature’s quality, usability, and other aspects of code dependability. By using ML, teams may raise their maturity and generate better code in less time. The Machine Learning model can dynamically analyze new scripts, identify security issues, and locate test coverage holes. A code climate may, for instance, review all code changes in response to a pull request, detect quality issues, and improve the process. ML algorithms might make such judgments more accessible by evaluating and comparing individual releases based on specified datasets and approval criteria.

Test dependability

In conventional test automation solutions, test engineers need help maintaining up-to-date scripts whenever a new version is provided for testing, or new features are added to the application being tested. Machine learning in test automation automatically detects modifications to a component locator. With such capabilities, test scripts embedded into CI/CD scheduling algorithms would run more efficiently and need less developer intervention.

Benefits of AI and ML testing

Useful time-saving feature

Understandably, software testing today requires more time, given the greater complexity and quantity of software being tested, but the world will not wait for testers to complete their tasks. Therefore, it is essential to use AI testing to guarantee timely software delivery.

Reduces mistakes and misinterpretations

Software testing would be performed manually without automated tools, leaving the possibility for human error due to carelessness, inattention, or exhaustion. As with every machine, tools driven by artificial intelligence have their flaws. A human tester may make errors, but a well-designed instrument makes few errors.

Extends the range of tests

Using machine learning in testing often results in a more comprehensive examination of the system under scrutiny. Auto-testing a particular program component may lead to an analysis of other parts of the program thanks to the functionality of AI-powered tools.


With the advent of user-friendly ML-powered testing tools, running tests have become much more straightforward. Some solutions are so streamlined and transparent that even a person with no technical competence or programming expertise may use them relatively quickly.


There is no room for argument that AI and ML will improve the testing scenario. But choosing the right AI and ML-based testing platform may save your wallet. Opt for a tool like HeadSpin with global infrastructure. Securely and efficiently debug your application faster than ever.

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Abhishek Kumar Jha
Abhishek Kumar Jha
Knowledge is Power


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