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Internet users behold, here comes 5G e-band with 20Gbps download speed

Internet users behold, here comes 5G e-band with 20Gbps download speed

Huawei, Vodafone hit 20Gbps in 5G e-band outdoor field test and FCC approves 5G for the United States

We could be enjoying 5G speeds soon thanks to the successful outdoor field testing of 5G e-band. Huawei and Vodafone have successfully reached 20Gbps peak rate following the completion of a 5G e-band outdoor field test at Vodafone Emerald House in Newbury, United Kingdom.

According to Huawei, the test covered a single-user multiple input multiple output (SU-MIMO) with a strong reflection path to reach 20Gbps user equipment (UE) peak rate, and multi-user multiple input multiple output (MU-MIMO) for long-range UE to reach 10Gbps peak rate.

According to Huawei spokesperson, this is the first time in the world that the 5G outdoor field test using e-band to reach 20Gbps peak rate for a single user device has been done. Huawei believes that the successful testing of 5G e-band now opens new ways for applications like Virtual Reality (VR), Pokemon Go type Augmented Reality (AR) and smartcars. It will also free up precious spectrum particularly due to soaring mobile broadband communications traffic.

“5G will introduce full spectrum access to support AR, VR, smart automobile, and other unknown new services,” rotating Huawei CEO Eric Xu said.

“The joint trial of 5G mmWave connectivity in a real world radio propagation environment and co-existence of different radio links is encouraging. I highly value the cooperation with Vodafone, and believe we will achieve more progress in 5G, together with Vodafone and other industry partners.”

Huawei added that the test will contribute to the study of spectrum above 6GHZ for 5G mobile broadband.

“This field test in an outdoor environment is a significant step in validating the performance of 5G in high-frequency bands, improving our understanding of the capabilities of the technology,” said Vodafone Group CTO Johan Wibergh.

In other news across Atlantic, FCC approved 5G in the United States. Recode reported that the FCC announced its “Spectrum Frontiers” plan to make 3.85 GHz of licensed and 7 GHz of unlicensed spectrum available for 5G in the 28, 37 and 39 GHz millimeter wave bands. There’s a provision for even more spectrum to be released down the line. The White House separately announced theAdvanced Wireless Research Initiative, a plan to spend up to $400 million over the next seven years to research and develop next-generation wireless technologies.

Going by these developments, we should be surfing at 5G speeds by same time next year.

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Top 10 countries with the fastest internet

Top 10 countries with the fastest internet

List of top 10 countries with the quickest internet

Electronic devices, multimedia and computers are things that we deal with every day and which have a huge influence on our daily life. Especially the Internet is becoming more and more important for nearly everybody, and is now our preferred medium of everyday communication. Internet is definitely one of the newest and most forward-looking media and the medium of the future.

However, to enjoy the uninterrupted services of the internet, you need to have good connectivity. There are two important metrics in bandwidth allocation (measured in Megabits per second or Mbps): download and upload speed, denoting the speed of inbound and outbound data respectively.

The average web page loads at 6.3 Mbps universally, a number that denotes how many million bits of data can be moved in a second.

While 6.3 mbps is quick enough to send an email or watch a Netflix show, it’s still very slow.

Akamai Technologies, a Massachusetts-based internet provider, did a study on how the internet speeds measure up in countries worldwide. The company releases a report every quarter that ranks countries as per their internet speed.

According to them, here are the top 10 countries, which are mentioned in descending order of net connectivity.

1. South Korea

According to the Akami report, people in South Korea enjoy the fastest internet in the world. The country’s average internet speed measures 29 Mbps, which is 4.6 times as quick as the global average.

To put things in viewpoint, the average HD film is about 5,000 mb. A computer could download that in a little over two and a half minutes at 29 Mbps speed.

In spite of more than 80% of South Korean households have access to some of the world’s fastest internet connections, they face usage limitations. Several internet users have to face strong internet censorship in South Korea, according to a 2015 report by the nonprofit Freedom House.

2. Norway.

Norway witnessed the biggest growth (68%) in internet speed at 21.3 Mbps since last year in comparison to any other country in the top 10. At this speed, a computer could upload or download about five high-quality photos per second.

3. Sweden.

Sweden’s internet offers an average of 20.6 Mbps, which means that many people hardly face any experience delays, even if they have multiple applications running that use a lot of bandwidth.

Since last year, the country has noticed a 32% increase in speed.

4. Hong Kong

Hong Kong was the first country in the world to hit 60 Mbps in 2013. Today, its residents enjoy an average internet speed of 19.9 Mbps.

5. Switzerland

The internet in Switzerland rises at an average 18.7 Mbps, a 25% increase from last year.

6. Latvia

Latvia’s average internet speed is 18.3 Mbps, which is nearly three times quicker than the global average.

7. Japan

Users in Japan experience an average internet speed of 18.2 Mbps, which is offered to them by high-speed fiber optics (cables that enable faster internet). This means that even if there are several people in a household who are using Netflix, or are playing video games, and browsing the web on different devices at the same time, they will not experience any slow-downs.

Japan is one of the many countries working on super-fast 100 Gbps (Gigabits per second) internet.

Meanwhile, the Japanese provider So-net offers 2 Gbps internet that is twice as fast as Google Fiber, making it the world’s fastest commercially available internet service.

8. The Netherlands

The Netherlands’ average internet speed is 17.9 Mbps. According to a 2014 report, the country also brags the highest percentage of households using the internet in the EU (European Union).

9. Czech Republic

Witnessing a 31% increase from last year, the internet in the Czech Republic loads 17.8 Mbps on average. This speed is somewhat above what most people in the U.S. would think as average that allows you to watch HD videos and surf the web without any kind of interruption.

10. Finland

People in Finland use the internet at 17.7 Mbps on an average, which is comparatively fast.

In 2010, the country’s Ministry of Transport and Communications provided every Finnish citizen at least a one Mbps internet connection. One Mbps will let you send emails at a snail’s pace, browse the web, and watch low-quality YouTube videos. It is an extremely slow speed for downloading or uploading huge files.

Source: Business Insider

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Behind the Scenes: 7 Invisible Technologies that Power the Internet

Behind the Scenes: 7 Invisible Technologies that Power the Internet

You never knew these 7 invisible technologies powered the Internet


The Internet is truly one of humankind’s greatest technological achievements. It is testament to our ingenuity and desire for a more connected world. Despite growing more reliant on this technology each passing day, many people are still in the dark when it comes to how the internet works. Sure, they know that it operates through a collection of networks and infrastructure that connect to each other, but most people are unaware of the behind-the-scenes technologies and innovations that make the internet perform as well as it does today.

Here are seven of these “invisible” technologies that the internet cannot live without:

1. Domain Name Servers

Communication on the internet would not be possible without Doman Name Servers. Located across the globe, these servers translate domain names such as www.website.com into Internet Protocol or IP addresses. This works like a phonebook for computers in a network, which essentially enables packets to reach the intended physical server.

Without this system, the Internet will be limited to numerical addresses, which will make accessing websites and other services significantly more difficult for users. Apart from this, your computer also sends DNS requests when reading emails, using social media apps, playing online games, or any other activity that uses the internet.

2. Load Balancers

Web servers have capacity limitations and are required to work together to tackle high traffic loads. Knowingly or not, all websites and web services rely on these arrays of servers to keep themselves up and running.

Load balancers are the center points in all such setup. Their job? To manager the traffic distribution across all of the multiple server and data centers. Load balancers is how websites ensure availability, avoiding latency and mitigate outages. Often without getting any credit for it.

Recently, like most other technologies, load balancers have been moving into the cloud making them even cheaper and more commonplace, in addition to turning them into more transparent.

3. Undersea Cables

Undersea cable being laid-out

Most users are clueless on the tremendous amount of work needed to get the Internet up and running. For example, did you know that the communications industry lays down cables that are hundreds of thousands of miles long across the ocean floor? These cables are responsible for transmitting 99% of all international data. One example is the new Japan-US undersea cable run by a consortium led by Google and several Asian companies that recently went online.

It is an extremely expensive, slow, and tiresome process to deploy these cables. These cables are also constantly in danger of shark attacks, just like what happened to Google in 2014 and Egypt in 2013. Think about it – all these troubles so that you can read your best friend’s status update on Facebook. That is indeed something worth appreciating.

4. Raised Floors

Now, let’s take a closer look at the actual hardware that makes online connections possible. When you perform an image search on Google and type “servers”, you will find pictures of tall devices that resemble skyscrapers. That is how a data center looks like, but there’s more to it than meets the eye.

Most datacenter premises use raised floors to accommodate wiring and other infrastructure underneath. This makes the surface (where the servers are) more navigable for personnel. Of course, the things below the raised floor are also worth a closer look.

5. Cooling Systems

Imagine putting high-powered CPUs in a single room. Now, imagine running them at the same time – all the time. Without an adequate cooling system, datacenters just won’t survive the rising demands of online usage. Today, various cooling strategies are being used such as using water-cooled servers and building data centers in cold climate regions.

However, companies like Microsoft took the latter approach a step further. In 2016, the tech giant’s Leona Philpot – a submersible capsule containing a computing rack – proved to be more than viable for mainstream use. Of course, some were concerned about the capsule’s impact on the underwater environment. Fortunately, the Leona Philpot was not noisy or hot enough to affect anything beyond a few inches from its surface.

6. Peering Exchanges

The Internet is essentially a network of networks – globally connecting millions of computers across the globe. To be connected, users need ISPs or Internet Service Providers that interconnect and exchange traffic through peering exchanges.

In simple terms, peering allows companies to leverage each other’s infrastructure to provide a faster and seamless online access to end users. Some major ISPs may publish their peering protocols for public use while some only allow a select few to privately access their backbone.

7. Encryption

Exchanging information freely across cyberspace? Sure – but don’t forget that anything you share is at risk of being compromised. Hackers, government agencies, a business competitor – there are several entities out there that could be after your sensitive information. However, thanks to encryption, it is easy to protect information such as credit card numbers, login credentials, and private emails from prying eyes.

Today, the most-used encryption protocol is TLS or Transport Layer Security encryption. This protocol works using a “handshake” that can verify the sender as well as the intended recipient of information. Whenever you access a TLS-secured website, your browser is invisibly performing a special handshake that secures your connection.

Third-party encryption services can also be used to protect hard drives, emails, and information sent through a messaging app. This is usually practical for business owners who have crucial digital assets to protect.

Conclusion

Remember that it costs nothing to learn and appreciate how something works, especially if it is an amazing technology that we use on a daily basis. The Internet runs on dozens of components and technologies that are not exactly obvious or visible to users. By knowing about technologies like peering, DNS, load balancing and even hardware-based designs like cooling systems and undersea cables, we learn to appreciate the underlying technologies that power our apps and devices. Without the Internet, we would still be relying on snail mail, radios, and landline telephones — and you would not even be reading this article.

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United Nations declares Internet Access a basic human right

United Nations declares Internet Access a basic human right

Internet Access Is Now A Basic Human Right

Along with your right to live, eat, and other basic rights, Internet access is also your basic right from now onwards. This was conveyed by United Nations Human Rights Council and has passed a resolution for the “promotion, protection, and enjoyment of human rights on the internet.” The resolution also provides for all countries of the world to provide their citizens with Internet access and condemns any country that intentionally disrupts the internet access of its citizens.

The resolution stresses that “the same rights that people have offline must also be protected online” particularly with regards to the freedom of expression already protected by articles 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

The resolution was passed last Friday, but was opposed by countries including Russia, China, Saudi Arabia. The surprising opposition came from countries like South Africa, India, and Indonesia which are democracies. The issue was with the passage that “condemns unequivocally measures to intentionally prevent or disrupt access to our dissemination of information online.”

The UN resolution was supported by 70 countries. According to a statement released by Article 19, a British organization that works to promote freedom of expression and information. Thomas Hughes, the executive director of Article 19, wrote:

“We are disappointed that democracies like South Africa, Indonesia, and India voted in favour of these hostile amendments to weaken protections for freedom of expression online…A human rights based approach to providing and expanding Internet access, based on states’ existing international human rights obligations, is essential to achieving the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, and no state should be seeking to slow this down.”

The resolution notes what many of us already know: It’s important to increase access to the internet, as it “facilitates vast opportunities for affordable and inclusive education globally,” or provides other resources for education, especially across the digital divide. In accordance with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the organization also recognized that the spread of technology has the “great potential to accelerate human progress.”

The resolution also highlights a number of issues that need to be addressed, including that the issue of freedom of expression on the internet. Also among the points presented were:

  • Calling upon all states to address security concerns in “a way that ensures freedom and security on the Internet,”
  • Ensuring accountability for all human rights violations and abuses committed against persons for exercising their human rights,
  • Recognizing that privacy online is important,
  • Stressing the importance of education for women and girls in relevant technology fields.

The UN resolution for providing Internet access to all citizens is non-binding in nature meaning that it can’t be enforced resolutions legally. However, UNHRC resolutions do create awareness among the world citizenry forcing them to be more proactive in dealing with their respective governments. President Obama had already declared the right to Internet access as a necessity. In 2015, President Obama said that “today, high-speed broadband is not a luxury, it’s a necessity.”

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Net Neutrality Row : US Court kicks out Suit Filed by Telecom Companies

Cable and telecom companies just lost a huge court battle on net neutrality

U.S. Appeals Court Upholds Net Neutrality Rules In Full

Various public interest groups and free speech activities held victory celebrations when a federal appeals court on Tuesday fully upheld the so-called Open Internet rules, regulations backing the principle of net neutrality.

Net neutrality has been a bone of contention between free Internet advocacy groups and telecom companies ever since the Internet boom in 2000s. The telecom companies want to milk Internet for windfall gains while most activists want that phone and cable companies should treat all of the traffic on their networks equally — no blocking or slowing their competitors, and no fast lanes for companies that can pay more.

Tuesday’s verdict by the The U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit was a clear cut victory for free Internet and Federal Communications Commission as it rejected the petition filed by telecom, cable and wireless industry associations alongside AT&T, CenturyLink and several smaller providers.

FCC had taken a stand that free Internet is absolute and telecom companies were violating basic freed by infringing the Internet for windfall profit. The ruling was celebrated as a victory for consumers by various public interest groups and Internet companies that had supported the FCC in the lawsuit.

However, the fight is far from over. The telecom industry is expected to file an appeal against the ruling in the higher court. Telecom industry has also been lobbying in US congress for favourable legislation so that they can milk Internet for their gains.

“We have always expected this issue to be decided by the Supreme Court, and we look forward to participating in that appeal,” AT&T General Counsel David McAtee said in a statement.

This is the third time in less than a decade that the FCC has had to defend these principles, using various legal frameworks. This very court had twice rejected the FCC’s rules in lawsuits brought by Internet providers.

The net neutrality movement gained momentum after tremendous support from millions of Americans and President Obama himself supported it through public comments. Once President Obama had voice his weight behind total net neutrality, FCC went all in and overhauled the way it regulates broadband Internet by reclassifying it as a more heavily regulated telecommunications service, similar to rules applied to public utilities.

The telecom companies immediately challenged that decision granting FCC complete authority over Internet. They said that they weren’t opposed to the rules themselves but rejected the dramatic expansion of FCC authority over the Internet. They argued that the tighter regulations rooted in a 1934 legal statute would stifle innovation and threaten investment by the industry.

The three-judge panel at the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals, however, ruled that the FCC did have the proper authority to reclassify broadband Internet under the Title II of the Telecommunications Act. The judges wrote in the opinion:

“The problem in [the previous lawsuit] was not that the Commission had misclassified the service between carriers and edge providers but that the Commission had failed to classify broadband service as a Title II service at all. The Commission overcame this problem in the Order by reclassifying broadband service — and the interconnection arrangements necessary to provide it — as a telecommunications service.”
The wireless carriers had also argued that they should remain shielded from anti-blocking and discrimination rules, given the unique shared nature of their networks. The court, however, ruled that Open Internet regulations should apply to both wired and wireless Internet.”

 

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Google reveals the most misspelled words in each state from U.S.

Google reveals the most misspelled words in each state from U.S.

Google unveils every American state’s ugly truth of misspelled words

In celebration of the Scripps US National Spelling Bee, Google crunched data from its search engine to disclose the top misspelled words in each state.

By using search queries that began with the “how to spell” and then the word in question, Google determined which words people have the most trouble spelling in all 50 states. The search giant then laid the data out in colorful map for all to peruse and mock.

Among the most commonly misspelled words were desert, maintenance, vacuum, cancelled, gray and pneumonia. While people in Arizona and New Hampshire struggled with the word “diarrhea,” people in Massachusetts often looked up how to spell “Massachusetts.” Similarly, Floridians searched for the proper spelling of “tomorrow”, Nevadans were unsure of the word “cousin.”

The full list:

Alabama – Tongue;Alaska – Hawaii; Arizona – Diarrhea; Arkansas – Leprechaun; California – Desert; Colorado – Beautiful; Connecticut – Desert; Delaware – Neighbor; Florida – Tomorrow; Georgia – Appreciate; Hawaii – Boutineer; Idaho – Desert; Illinois – Appreciate; Indiana – Desert; Iowa – Maintenance; Kansas – Schedule; Kentucky – Maintenance; Louisiana – Definitely; Maine – Vacuum; Maryland – Cancelled; Massachusetts – Massachusetts; Michigan – Gray; Minnesota – Broccoli; Mississippi – Sergeant; Missouri – Pneumonia; Montana – Vacuum; Nebraska – Guarantee; Nevada – Cousin; New Hampshire – Diarrhea; New Jersey – February; New Mexico – Neighbor; New York – Beautiful; North Carolina – Pneumonia; North Dakota – Attitude; Ohio – Banana; Oklahoma – Gray; Oregon – Definitely; Pennsylvania – Cancelled; Rhode Island – Cancelled; South Carolina – Convenience; South Dakota – Gray; Tennessee – Courtesy; Texas – Niece; Utah – Leprechaun; Vermont – Possible; Virginia – Cancelled; Washington – Pneumonia; West Virginia – Giraffe; Wisconsin – Vacuum; Wyoming – Ornery.

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Meet the guy who refused to sell Kanyeforpresident.com for $80,000

Tramall Ferguson

This guy refused a whoppping $80,000 offer to sell kanyeforpresident.com to Kanye West

You may already know Kanye West who has been making more news off the stage than on it. West who is also married to one the top celebrities of Hollywood, Kim Kardashian managed to deliver one hit album, The Life of Pablo.

However West has other dreams also. He wants to be the President of the United States of America

However to make a successful bid for presidency, he needs to own the domain called www.kanyeforpresident.com. Sadly, he can own it because its owner refused a whopping $80,000 offer to sell it.

When you visit kanyeforpresident website, you will be taken to the Instagram page of Tramall Ferguson.

Tramall Ferguson is a graduate from Australia and turned a paltry $10 into whopping $80,000, all in a nights surfing. Tramall told ABC that he was purchased the domain for $10 a year ago while surfing aimlessly.

“I was just trying to do something out of the box,” Tramall told ABC’s Control Z podcast.

He then made two impulse purchases: kanyeforpresident.com and petergriffinforpresident.com.

“I thought it was clever and no one had it yet, so I went ahead and did it,” Tramall says, “And then I literally forgot that I had it.”

Tramall’s $10 investment grew tremendously in five months, when Kanye West announced his Presidential bid at the MTV awards. Suddenly, kanyeforpresident.com was HOT internet real estate. Everyone wanted a slice, and the bids started rolling in.

“I got a call from some guy, he was offering me like, $30,000 at first. And I didn’t even know that he was offering me money for it, so I was just like, ‘50 grand!’ And he was like, ‘35’, and I was like, ‘50!’ and he was like, I’ll call you back.

“Then I got a call from Greg at TMZ, and then that’s when I kind of raised my eyebrows.

“Then I started getting crazy phone calls that day with people throwing out offers. The highest one on the first day was about 80 grand.

“[It was] like getting a lottery ticket and just winning. That’s basically what happened,” Tramall says.

Domain names can be a good business if you know how to deal in websites. Otherwise you have to plain lucky like Tramall above or Sanmay Ved who purchased Google.com for $10 during a night surfing expedition. Like Tramall, Sanmay too would have made millions from his buy but he chose to give back the domain to Google for something like $10,000 to be donated to charity.

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World record in wireless data transmission – 6 Gigabit per second acheived

World record in wireless data transmission - 6 Gigabit per second acheived

German scientists transmit data at a world record 6 Gigabit per second over a distance of 37 Kms

They say nothing is impossible for humans and scientists from Germany have proved it by achieving world record data transmission speeds ten times faster than what has been achieved so far.

Researchers from the University of Stuttgart, the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Solid State Physics IAF, achieved a new world record in wireless data transmission by sending the contents of a conventional DVD in under ten seconds using radio waves. In other words, they have set a new record in wireless transmission using millimetre-waves to transmit at a data rate of 6 Gigabit per second over a distance of 37 kilometers, which is 10 times faster than any data transmission method.

The extremely high data rates of 6 Gbit/s was accomplished through efficient transmitters and receivers at a radio frequency of 71-76 GigaHertz in the so-called E band of the electromagnetic spectrum, regulated for terrestrial and satellite broadcasting.

This was part of collaborative project ACCESS (Advanced E Band Satellite Link Studies) carried out by a research group headed by Ingmar Kallfass from the Institute of Robust Power Semiconductor Systems (ILH) from the University of Stuttgart, the Institut für Hochfrequenztechnik und Elektronik (IHE) from KIT, Radiometer Physics GmbH, and the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Solid State Physics IAF.

During the experiment, the researchers sent data between Cologne’s 45-story Uni-Centre and the Space Observation Radar TIRA located at Fraunhofer Institute for High-Frequency Physics and Radar Techniques in Wachtberg some 37km away. To achieve the high data rates together with the unprecedented distance, the researchers built innovative transmitters and receivers complete with powerful signal amplifiers. The transistor-based devices together form what the researchers call monolithically integrated millimetre-wave circuits (MMICs).

During the experiment, the researchers sent data between Cologne and the 36.7 km distant town of Wachtberg. The stations were located on the 45-story Uni-Center in Cologne and the site of the Space Observation Radar TIRA at the Fraunhofer Institute for High Frequency Physics and Radar Techniques FHR in Wachtberg. The researchers built innovative transmitters and receivers complete with powerful signal amplifiers to achieve the high data rates combined with the exceptional distance. The transistor-based devices together form what the researchers call monolithically integrated millimetre-wave circuits (MMICs).

The circuit increases the broadband signal to a transmission power of 1W with the help of power amplifiers based on gallium nitride (GaN). The signal is then transmitted via a highly directive parabolic antenna and consequently received at the other station. The sensitive receivers equipped with low-noise amplifiers can constantly detect it, even though it has faded considerably during the transmission.

Radio transmission of high amounts of data over great distance serves many important application areas. For instance, the next generation of satellite communication requires an ever-increasing data offload from earth observation satellites down to earth. The advance would make supplying fast internet to rural areas and remote regions possible. About 250 Internet connections can be supplied with 24 Megabit per second, researchers said.

Terrestrial radio transmissions in the E-band are suitable as a cost-effective replacement for the deployment of optical fiber or as ad-hoc networks in the case of disasters and catastrophe, and for connecting base-stations in the backhaul of mobile communication systems.

The primary goal of the research project, called ACCESS, is to enhance satellite data transmission. However, the technology could also work in terrestrial conditions, potentially providing fibre-optic-level data speeds without the need to lay cables and build costly infrastructure.

The project, which was funded by Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economy and Energy (BMWi), is devoted to make satellite internet connections faster, as well as enhance terrestrial wireless internet.

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New superfast G.Fast will put your current Internet speeds to shame

New superfast G.Fast will put your current Internet speeds to shame

G.Fast can provide internet speeds of 750 megabits per second for both upload and download

Just imagine if you had blazing fast internet speeds to rival that of Google Fiber? It looks like thanks to the promise of G.Fast, a massive influx of internet speeds are going to be experienced by us in the future. Israeli chipmaker Sckipio announced a new G.Fast solution that can deliver both upload and download speeds at a massive 750 megabits per second. In comparison terms, that speeds is roughly 50 times faster than the broadband that you probably have running into your home right now.

However, even those internet speeds will appear obsolete to us because the next generation of chips that could come within another year will provide double that speed for both upload and download, at least that is the message that Sckipio is attempting to unveil to us. If our math’s is correct, then those speeds will equal 1.5 gigabits per second, making it much faster than anything that Google Fiber offers today.

Demonstrations of G.Fast have previously shown the technology to be capable of 750 megabit download speeds had upload speeds that were significantly slower. You have to be aware that equal upload and download speeds are becoming increasingly important, as new technologies require increasingly fast upload bandwidth.

For example, with 4K videos becoming the norm, such videos feature massive sizes, and uploading them onto the internet will obviously need a lot of speed to complete the operation in the shortest time span possible.

Sckipio has stated that the G.Fast technology will debut in the United States later this year and while it will not be available everywhere in the country immediately, Sckipio has said that a single phone company could roll it out to the entire country in just four years.

When we actually start to experience such speeds in our own homes, we will definitely look back and see how we believed that Google Fiber was the pinnacle of internet speeds for both downloading and uploading data and we will sit there and have a crack at it.

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What Happens When You ‘Delete’ Something On The Internet

What Happens When You ‘Delete’ Something On The Internet

Have you ever thought what really happens when you delete data on the Internet?

Many a times we post something on our Facebook or Twitter wall only to realise the post is dumb enough to be deleted. If you thought that after your deleting the data, it is done and dusted, you are wrong. Anything that one posts on social media is not private. What about the awkward Facebook statuses or tweets that you may have posted years ago but have deleted since? Can you ever actually remove something from the Internet?

The answer to this question is largely a grey area as no one can be absolutely sure about it.

Behnam Dayanim, Esq., a Washington, D.C.-based lawyer who specializes in privacy and cyber security, says, “Whether or not something is deleted isn’t within the user’s control.”

For instance, take a regular email. When you delete it from your inbox, it goes to a “Deleted Items” folder. You permanently kill that message from your end by emptying that folder.

However, Dayanim says that even a double-deleted item could remain on your email provider’s servers for an unspecified amount of time.

He further adds that there also chances that your details could wind up in the hands of hackers in the event of a security breach. This implies for all social media posts, emails, and text messages, too.

Since you have given clear permission to these companies to hold on to your data at the time of agreeing to their ambiguous privacy policies, you cannot do much about this.

Here’s a sample of what basically do those policies say:

Facebook

The world’s largest social network website saves your data for “as long as necessary to provide products and services to you and others.” This in reality means your deleted data is never really deleted from Facebook servers.

Gmail

Google’s Gmail also follows a similar polity to Facebook. Gmail “may not immediately delete residual copies from our active servers,” after you delete an email.

Twitter

Twitter doesnt have a forthright answer to this question. It doesn’t state on what it does when you delete a Tweet, but says that “search engines and other third parties may still retain copies of your public information, like your user profile information and public Tweets, even after you have deleted the information from the Twitter Services or deactivated your account.”

Snapchat

When you view a snap, it’s automatically deleted from the company’s servers—in “most cases.” It doesnt however stipulate exactly in which cases the images are saved. Snapchat “can’t guarantee that the messages will be deleted within a specific timeframe” and says your snap “may remain in backup for a limited period of time.”

Instagram

Instagram owned by Facebook is as ambiguous as its parent about the content deletion policy. The photo sharing site says it may hold information for “a commercially reasonable time for backup, archival, and/or audit purposes.”

As mentioned earlier, it is very ambiguous. Dayanim says that the common link is that companies can recover your data based on particular circumstances, like requests from law enforcement or a subpoena.

Are you freaked out by this? Don’t worry, Cyberdust will ease some of your fear. This Mark Cuban-backed app, which is free for iOS, Android, and Windows platforms asserts to permanently wipe every message you send within 100 seconds of recipients reading it, which also includes the company servers.

Hopefully, you have not posted anything that could land you in trouble or in jail. It’s more realistic to make a social media blunder that risks your job—like the people behind these recent scandals. Warning…don’t follow their footsteps.

• In 2013, PR consultant Justine Sacco Tweeted a cheap joke: ‘Going to Africa. Hope I don’t get AIDS. Just kidding. I’m white!’ Thousands of angry people had replied to the Tweet by the time she got off her 11-hour flight, and the hashtag #HasJustineLandedYet was trending globally.

Sacco lost her job soon after the blunder. She’s the subject of Jon Ronson’s recent book, So You’ve Been Publicly Shamed.

• Earlier this year, Rory Cullinan, former chairman of the Royal Bank of Scotland, was sacked from his position after his daughter posted screenshots of their private Snapchat messages to her Instagram account. Cullinan sent snaps from his office, with captions like “Another friggin meeting.” While it appeared innocent, Cullinan was, however, fired weeks later.

• In 2011, the British Ministry had dismissed a Buckingham Palace guard of his duties of guarding the Royal Wedding after he posted comments about Kate Middleton on his Facebook page, calling her a “posh bitch” and “stupid stuck-up cow.”

• In 2014, James Franco messaged a 17-year-old on Instagram, asking if she was single and wanted to meet up. When the girl asked him to prove that it was Franco, which the actor provided—then posted screenshots of the exchange on Imgur.

Franco copped to the exchange, but got a shabby reputation for chatting up teens.

• Recently, Amy Pascal, one of Hollywood’s most powerful executives, resigned from her role as head of Sony’s movie division after hackers leaked private emails between her and other producers late last year. Pascal in her messages had made racially insensitive comments about Barack Obama and disrespected celebrities like Angelina Jolie.

In the end, every time you are about to send something out, you need to ask yourself a few important questions: Will this get me fired? Will it hurt my chances of getting in the future? Will it offend someone?

If your status, photo, or text cannot pass the above set of questions, then it is most likely not worth posting it.

Source: Men’sHealth

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