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Wi-Fi 6: The next generation of Wi-Fi connectivity to come next year

Wi-Fi 6: The next generation of Wi-Fi connectivity to come next year

Wi-Fi Alliance rebrands 802.11 Wi-Fi standards for easy understanding

Wi-Fi Alliance, the group that oversees the implementation of Wi-Fi, has announced rebranding of the “802.11” Wi-Fi standards for easy understanding of the Wi-Fi technology supported by the user’s device and used in a connection the device makes with a Wi-Fi network.

With the upcoming launch of the newest Wi-Fi standard, 802.11ax next year, Wi-Fi Alliance will adapt its certification program with the new naming. 802.11ax will be rebranded as “Wi-Fi 6”. Similarly, the earlier versions of the wireless data protocol too would be renamed.

“For nearly two decades, Wi-Fi users have had to sort through technical naming conventions to determine if their devices support the latest Wi-Fi,” said Edgar Figueroa, president and CEO of Wi-Fi Alliance. “Wi-Fi Alliance is excited to introduce Wi-Fi 6, and present a new naming scheme to help industry and Wi-Fi users easily understand the Wi-Fi generation supported by their device or connection.”

For those unaware, the current version is 802.11ac, and the versions prior to this were 802.11n, 802.11g, 802.11a, and 802.11b. So, if we start with the first version, which is 802.11b, the naming of the wireless data protocol would be as follows:

Wi-Fi 1 – 802.11b (1999)
Wi-Fi 2 – 802.11a (1999)
Wi-Fi 3 – 802.11g (2003)
Wi-Fi 4 – 802.11n (2009)
Wi-Fi 5 – 802.11ac (2014)

The rebranding of 802.11 Wi-Fi standards (above) will help us understand, which wireless data protocol offers faster data and improved efficiency. For instance, it will help Wi-Fi users to understand the difference between 802.11ax, 802.11ac, 802.11n, and so forth.

Wi-Fi 6 will introduce higher data rates, increased capacity, better performance in dense environments, and improved power efficiency. It is also said to deliver up to 11Gbps speeds across three or more devices. Devices with next-gen Wi-Fi 6 devices are expected to release next year.

Source: Wi-Fi Alliance (1), (2)

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How to Hack WiFi Password Using New WPA/WPA2 flaw (Working)

Wifi password hacking: Easily Hack WiFi Password Using New WPA/WPA2 flaw

Are you looking to know how to hack wifi password or ways of wifi password hacking?

This recently discovered flaw will help you hack any WPA/WPA2 network.

Wifi password hacking has become popular as people are always in search of the free internet. But due to the advancement of technology, hacking wifi, and cracking passwords have become a difficult task to do.

The reason is due to the implementation of WPA/WPA2 (wifi protected access) protocols. They made modern routers more secure and less prone to hacking.


How Was The New Wi-Fi Hack Discovered?

Luckily security researchers have revealed a new way to hack these modern wi-fi routers.

This new wifi hacking method was accidentally discovered by Jens Steube (lead developer in popular password-cracking tool Hashcat) while he was analyzing the newly-launched WPA3 protocol.

According to him, this wifi hacking will explicitly work against WPA/WPA2 wireless network protocols with Pairwise Master Key Identifier (PMKID)-based roaming features enabled.

This wifi password hack will surely allow attackers (aka.Hackers) to recover the Pre-shared Key (PSK) login passwords.

Also Read- How To Hack Wi-Fi Password Without Cracking By Using Wifiphisher

Disclaimer: All content in this article are intended for security research purpose only. Techworm does not support the use of any tool to indulge in unethical practices.


How to Hack WiFi Password Using PMKID

How to Hack wifi Password of routers using WPA/WPA2

4-Way Handshake based PMKID stands for pairwise key management protocol.

According to Steube (security researcher), previous wifi hacking methods requires someone to log into the network so that attackers can capture EAPOL (Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) over LAN ) which is a network authentication protocol used in IEEE 802.1X.

Whereas new WIFI hack doesn’t require a user to be on a target network in order to capture credentials. Following are the steps to perform this wifi hack:-

Step-1: A hacker can use a tool such as hcxpcaptool to request the PMKID from the targeted access point and dump the received frame to a file.

$ ./hcxdumptool -o test.pcapng -i wlp39s0f3u4u5 –enable_status

Step-2: Using the hcxpcaptool , the output (in pcapng format) of the frame can be converted into a hash format accepted by Hashcat like this.

$ ./hcxpcaptool -z test.16800 test.pcapng

Step-3:  Now you can use this password cracking tool to obtain the WPA PSK (Pre-Shared Key) password and Boom you did it!

$ ./hashcat -m 16800 test.16800 -a 3 -w 3 ‘?l?l?l?l?l?lt!’

That’s the password of your targeted wireless network which may take time to crack depending on its size or length complexity.

Now we are not sure about which vendors this wifi hack technique will work. But Steube said it will work against all 802.11i/p/q/r networks with roaming functions enabled (most modern routers).

So users are highly advised to protect their WiFi networks with a secure password such as making the use of numbers, characters and some special characters as they are difficult to crack. which will save your wifi from being hacked

At last, we want to admit that this wifi hack won’t work against next-gen WPA3 simply because of the new harder to break protocol.


Conclusion-

So this was how to hack wifi password using the new WPA/WPA2 flaw.

We will also like to advise our readers not to download online tools which claim to be a wifi hacker tool, as they may contain malware.

Also Read: 10 Best Wi-Fi Hacking Tools Of 2018

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Wi-Fi Alliance Launches WPA3 Security Protocol

WPA 3 Protocol

Wi-Fi WPA3 security protocol is finally here!!!

In January 2018, Wi-Fi Alliance, the nonprofit organization that certifies Wi-Fi networking standards, had announced WPA3 (Wi-Fi Protected Access III) encryption protocol for safeguarding Wi-Fi networks. Now, almost six months later, Wi-Fi alliance on Monday officially launched the WPA3 security standard for personal and enterprise networks.

WPA3 will replace the former security protocol, WPA2, that’s built in to protect almost every wireless devices including phones, laptops, and the Internet of Things (IoT). This new protocol is the first update since 2004, which is when WPA2 was introduced.

According to Wi-Fi Alliance, WPA3 adds several new features to enhance WPA2 by making Wi-Fi security simpler, offering more robust authentication, and providing increased cryptographic strength, that will make it difficult for hackers to hack your Wi-Fi or spy on your network.

“Wi-Fi® is one of the greatest technology success stories of our time, and for nearly 20 years it has been an engine for the social and economic benefit. Wi-Fi is synonymous with Internet connectivity, yet its broader role in essential business operations around the world is often understated. Unlicensed spectrum is a crucial ingredient in Wi-Fi’s ability to deliver applications and even create entirely new business models which enhance daily productivity and innovation while bringing substantial contributions to our society,” Edgar Figueroa, President, and CEO of Wi-Fi Alliance said in a statement.

WPA3 is built on the WPA2 standard and retains interoperability with WPA2-supported devices while disallowing outdated security protocols. Further, all WPA3 networks require the use of Protected Management Frames (PMF). Based on the personal/enterprise implementation, the key capabilities of WPA3 are as follows:

WPA3-Personal:

More resilient, password-based authentication even when users select passwords that fall short of typical complexity recommendations. WPA3 leverages Simultaneous Authentication of Equals (SAE), a secure key establishment protocol between devices, that protects users against offline “dictionary attacks” and provides more robust password-based authentication. It also allows users to choose passwords that are easier to remember. Further, WPA3 supports Persistent Forward Secrecy privacy to protect data traffic, even if a password is compromised after data transmission.

WPA3-Enterprise:

WPA3 introduces a 192-bit security suite aligned with the CNSA (Commercial National Security Algorithm) suite. The Wi-Fi Alliance hence refers to “additional protections for networks transmitting sensitive data, such as government and financial institutions.” This security suite “ensures a consistent association of cryptographic tools deployed on WPA3 networks.”

“WPA3 takes the lead in providing the industry’s strongest protections in the ever-changing security landscape,” Figueroa added. “WPA3 continues the evolution of Wi-Fi security and maintains the brand promise of Wi-Fi Protected Access.”

The Wi-Fi Alliance has also introduced a new, optional Wi-Fi feature called Easy Connect that makes it easier to connect smart home devices like smart speakers with their virtual assistants to your router, with limited or no display interfaces while maintaining high-security standards. It uses a QR code to quickly set up and connect such devices to a network.

Additionally, Wi-Fi Certified Enhanced Open “delivers improved data protections while maintaining the convenience and ease-of-use of open networks”. It is intended for use by the likes of coffee shops, or in guest web portals used by venues such as airports, hotels and sports stadiums.

Although Wi-Fi Alliance is releasing the new protocol today (June 26), it is not expected to arrive in such Wi-Fi certified WPA3 devices until next year anyway.

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5 Tips for setting up your wireless router at home

5 Tips for setting up your wireless router at home

5 Top Tips for setting up your wireless router at home so that you get the best Internet signal

Using the internet has become an integral part of the everyday lives of many individuals. It is a rare day when people do not access the internet, whether for work or personal reasons.

It is, therefore, a good thing to make sure that your home is connected to the internet. Even more so, make sure to install a wireless router, as this makes it more convenient for the people residing in the house. This way, they can connect to the internet from anywhere in the house.

Read on to get some tips on how you can enjoy optimal wireless connection in your home today.

1# Invest in a good wireless router

First and foremost, of course, is that you need to make sure that the wireless router you buy will be the fastest one. Invest not just your money but also your time researching all the options you may have. Familiarize yourself with some of the usual terms being used to describe a wireless router so you will know what to look for when you begin your search. If you really feel that you do not have the time to canvass and research, check out this review of the fastest wireless router instead.

2#`Make sure the wires are connected to the right port

Don’t just attempt to assemble the wireless router without reading the instruction manual. You want to make sure that everything is connected to the right place. Some people purchase a separate Ethernet cable aside from the ones provided by the manufacturer.

3# Install the router in a good location

If you put the wireless router in corners of rooms may not give optimal coverage, especially in large homes. May would advise that the best place to place the router would be at the center of the home, to make sure that it can cover all areas of the house, maybe even some areas outside of the house. If your house might be too big, place the wireless router at a central location, in an area near where most of the people in the house spend their time while browsing the Internet. If necessary, you may also add an additional router to make sure that all areas of your home can have access to the internet.

4# Enable password security

You want to make sure to protect your Wi-Fi connection. You don’t want your neighbors sharing the connection. Not only will it make the internet slower, especially if you’re all streaming a video or downloading big data, but they might even get to access some personal and sensitive information. Make sure to set up a password and make it unique, something that would be hard to guess so that there is no risk of your network getting hacked.

5# Upgrade your router’s firmware

You also need to make sure that your router is running the latest firmware. Even if you just bought it recently, you are never really sure how long the product has been on the shelf before you were able to buy it. Updating to the latest firmware can also help with any issues that router may have.

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Bye 802.11ac Wi-Fi standard, welcome the new 802.11ax Wi-Fi standard

Bye 802.11ac Wi-Fi standard, welcome the new 802.11ax Wi-Fi standard

After two long years of 802.11ac Wi-Fi standard, we could soon be having the new 802.11ax Wi-Fi standard

This article is for nerds and tech geeks. For others who use Wi-Fi, I am pretty sure they don’t even know what a Wi-Fi standard is and what standard their current Wi-Fi router or smartphone uses. For those who want to learn about Wi-Fi standards, currently most devices we use including our routers, smartphones, laptops, PCs etc support the 802.11ac Wi-Fi Standard.

What are Wi-Fi standards and how do they influence how we use the Internet?

There is an international agency called  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) which fixes the Wi-Fi standards after due deliberation. The first 802.11 Wi-Fi standard was introduced in 1997 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). This meant that all devices that connected to the Internet at that time had to comply with the new WLAN standard. IEEE called the Wi-Fi standard as 802.11 after the name of the group formed to oversee its development. The year was 1997 and the newly introduced WLAN standard supported a maximum internet speed of 2 Mbps which you may think as too slow today but was a hit at that time.

IEEE then introduced the 802.11b Wi-Fi standard in July 1999. This new WLAN could support bandwidth up to 11 Mbps, comparable to traditional Ethernet. The 802.11b used the same radio signaling frequency (2.4 GHz) as the original 802.11 standard. While it was a big hit at that time, 802.11b signals were known to be prone to interference from microwave ovens, cordless phones, and other appliances using the same 2.4 GHz range, therefore, people placed their Wi-Fi routers and devices in a special place to avoid external interference.

Even as 802.11b was in development, IEEE created a second extension to the original 802.11 standard called 802.11a. Because 802.11b gained in popularity much faster than did 802.11a. Due to its higher cost, 802.11a is usually found on business networks whereas 802.11b better serves the home market.

The new 802.11a Wi-Fi standard supported speeds of up to 54 Mbps which was way over the 11Mbps which we started off with. Another distinguishing feature of 802.11a was that it worked on 5 GHz thus was less prone to interference from home devices but higher frequency also means 802.11a signals had more difficulty penetrating walls.

In 2002 and 2003,  IEEE came up with a newer Wi-Fi standard called 802.11g. The 802.11g combined the best of both 802.11a and 802.11b and supported bandwidth up to 54 Mbps. Unlike 802.11a, 802.11g used the 2.4 GHz frequency for greater range. 802.11g was backward compatible with 802.11b, meaning that 802.11g access points will work with 802.11b wireless network adapters and vice versa.

In 2009, IEEE introduced 802.11n Wi-Fi standard which is also called “Wireless N” network.  802.11n was vastly different from earlier standards as it utilized multiple wireless signals and antennas (called MIMO technology) instead of one. The new standard also increased the bandwidth speed to a whopping 300 Mbps. 802.11n also offered somewhat better range over earlier Wi-Fi standards due to its increased signal intensity, and it is backward-compatible with 802.11b/g gear.

After years of using 802.11n, IEEE finally introduced the 802.11ac Wi-Fi standard that we use today in 2013. Though it was developed in 2008, IEEE took a whole 5 years to commercialize the specification. 802.11ac finally broke the 1 gigs barrier and supported dual-band wireless technology. which means that we could connect to the Internet both on the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Wi-Fi bands. 802.11ac offers backward compatibility to 802.11b/g/n and bandwidth rated up to 1300 Mbps on the 5 GHz band plus up to 450 Mbps on 2.4 GHz.

From 2013 to 2017 we have been using the 802.11ac Wi-Fi standard but now a new standard is being introduced which is called 802.11ax. Qualcomm, the top chip maker has announced that it will start shipping Wi-Fi chips called the IPQ8074 system-on-chip (SoC) for broadcasters (routers and access points) and the QCA6290 SoC for receivers (Wi-Fi devices) with the 802.11ax standard.

What is 802.11ax and how is it different from the earlier 802.11ac standard?

According to Qualcomm, the 802.11ax Wi-Fi standard will be anywhere from 4x to 10x faster than existing Wi-Fi because it will work through wider and multiple channels to increase the Internet speed. For example, if one assumes the speed is increased by 4x with 160 MHz channels, the speed of a single 802.11ax stream will be 3.5Gbps. The equivalent 802.11ac connection will be 866 Mbps. A 4×4 MIMO environment would result in a total capacity of about 14 Gbps. A client device that supported two or three streams would easily top 1 Gbps or much more.

For individual users, even with interference like walls and distance, 802.11ax will give a speed of about 800 Mbps for a total capacity of 3.2 Gbps. Regardless of the channel size, 802.11ax will provide a huge boost in speed and total capacity.

802.11ax Wi-Fi standard will be less congested

802.11ax incorporates something called ODMFA. Orthogonal frequency division multiple access (ODMFA) is an LTE standard which allows frequency division multiplexing. 802.11ax uses OFDMA which lets each channel to be chopped up into hundreds of smaller sub-channels. These sub-channels can then be turned orthogonally (at right angles) so they can be stacked on top of each other and de-multiplexed.

In simple terms using OFDMA means up to 30 clients can share each channel instead of having to take turns broadcasting and listening on each.

802.11ax will increase battery life

Qualcomm has said that the new 802.11ax standard will have a big effect on the thing that matters most to all of us, battery! The new Wi-Fi standard has a new feature called wake time scheduling. This enables APs to tell clients when to go to sleep and provides a schedule of when to wake. These are very short periods of time, but being able to sleep a bunch of short times will make a big difference on battery life which matters most especially for smartphone and laptop users.

The 802.11ax specification finally brings a Wi-Fi standard to the network that can support all of the things we want to do with our wireless LANs.

Do you think the new 802.11ax standard will be as popular as 802.11ac in coming days. Do drop in your opinion in the comments section below.

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Surfing Internet becomes 100 times faster with the new Wi-Fi

Surfing Internet becomes 100 times faster with the new Wi-Fi

Researchers develop new Wi-Fi system that can provide ‘100 times faster’ internet

Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology in The Netherlands claim to have developed a wireless network based on harmless infrared rays that can achieve Wi-Fi at a lightning speed of 42.8 Gbit/s over a distance of 2.5 metres, which is 100 times faster than the existing Wi-Fi network. This innovation could help solve common issues such as capacity and bandwidth, as users consume even more data in the future. It also has the capacity to support more devices without getting congested.

The system conceived in Eindhoven is simple and, in principle, cheap to set up. The wireless data comes from a few central ‘light antennas’, for instance, it could be installed on the ceiling of a business or home, which are able to very precisely direct the rays of light supplied by an optical fibre.

“Since there are no moving parts, it is maintenance-free and needs no power: the antennas contain a pair of gratings that radiate light rays of different wavelengths at different angles,” reported the Science Daily.

Changing the light wavelengths also changes the direction of the ray of light. For instance, if a user moves out of the line of sight of one of the antennas, the signal would jump to another light antenna takes over, the report said. User devices could be tracked by radio signals they transmit, so that the network knows which antenna to utilize. The report also said that the infrared network wouldn’t have to deal with any interference from close-by Wi-Fi networks either. The system is also safe for human users, as it uses a wavelength that is harmless to the retina.

While current Wi-Fi uses radio signals with a frequency of 2.5 or 5 gigahertz, the new system relies on infrared light wavelengths of 1500 nanometers or more. This light has frequencies that are thousands of times higher, some 200 terahertz, which makes the data capacity of the light rays much larger.

The team compares this with the average connection speed in the Netherlands, which is two thousand times less (17.6 Mbit/s). Also, the best systems available today can only achieve a total of 300 Mbit/s, which is roughly a hundred times less than the speed per ray of light achieved by the Eindhoven network.

Until now, the new Wi-Fi system has used the light rays only to download; uploads are still done using radio signals, as most applications need much less capacity for uploading.

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39-year-old woman wins ‘breakthrough’ compensation for being allergic to Wi-Fi signals

39-year-old woman wins 'breakthrough' compensation for being allergic to Wi-Fi signals

French Government pays compensation to a 39-year-old woman who is allergic to Wi-Fi signals

Marine Richard, a 39-year-old former radio producer residing in France is a electromagnetic hypersensitivity patient. She may look normal to you at the first glance but she cannot live in a “normal society” due to her condition.

Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity is characterized by a group of symptoms purportedly caused by exposure to electromagnetic fields. The reported symptoms of electromagnetic hypersensitivity include headache, fatigue, stress, sleep disturbances, skin symptoms like prickling, burning sensations and rashes, pain and ache in muscles and many other health problems.

People who are electromagnetic hypersensitivity patient cannot reside in places where Wi-Fi and occasionally mobile network radiation pass. Although medical experts say there is no convincing scientific evidence for it being caused by electromagnetic fields, Marine claims that Wi-Fi signals make her sick.

Last week, a French court instructed authorities to pay Marine roughly $900 a month for at least three years for the claimed discomfort making her the first person to be officially acknowledged and compensated for the disorder.

Marine says she is restricted to a farm building in the rural area of Ariège where electricity and Wi-Fi cannot reach her. Talking on her court win, she said “this is a breakthrough.”

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SanDisk announces Wireless Connect Stick which can be used as Wi-Fi media server

SanDisk announces Wireless Connect Stick which can be used as Wi-Fi media server

SanDisk announces the Connect Wireless Stick, a personal Wi-Fi media server/USB flash drive

Phone storage can be a problem these days. Since the tools to consume media have been gradually developed, the sizes of the files that occupy it have also increased. MicroSD is on its way out on even the most steady of things produced though Android M could change that. SanDisk, thankfully has a product to solve this puzzle.

The SanDisk Wireless Connect Stick is both a personal media server and a traditional USB storage drive. Particularly, it is “designed to give people a simple, intuitive way to save and access all of the great content they create and consume across multiple devices, without breaking the bank.”

The theory is rather easy to understand: firstly, from your computer and load it up with any kind of file you want, then activate the accessory’s portable Wi-Fi hotspot and it’s immediately available for use with your mobile phone or tablet. At one time, you can connect up to three devices, and a single charge can provide a battery life up to approximately 4.5 hours for a single streaming.

For individuals who don’t have a lot of internal storage, this seems to be perfect for them. It’s also beneficial for those who do not have the data plans or capacity to stream everything from the cloud. To make it easier, this is the SanDisk Connect app, “which enables nearly effortless management of content…all via password-protected Wi-Fi connectivity.” and “also enables other cool features like auto-back up of photos and videos from the camera roll to the drive.” You can download the companion app directly from the Google Play Store.

The Wireless Connect Stick is available for purchase at Amazon, SanDisk.com and BestBuy.com. It is available in “capacities of 16GB, 32GB, 64GB and 128GB at U.S. MSRPs ranging from $29.99-$99.99.(Rs.2000-6000)”

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Drone that can hack your Smartphone and steal your data.

London-based Security Researchers team  at Sensepost Research Labs have developed a drone called”Snoopy” which can steal data and contents from your smartphone without your knowledge.

Drone that can hack your Smartphone and steal your data.
If you are a resident of London and you see a Drone hovering over your head there are chances that your smartphone is being hijacked using Snoopy.  Snoopy is being tested in the London skies for past few days by the security researchers of Senseport and they intend to present their findings next week at the Black Hat Asia cybersecurity conference in Singapore.

The technology embedded in the Drone enables it to look for Smartphone devices with wi-fi settings turned on. most of these Smartphone devices are set with the settings to look for wi-fi networks they have previously connected to and once it finds the Network in the range it Automatically connects with the Network.

“Snoopy” then sends back the signal to the Smartphone and pretends to be the wi-fi Network with which the Mobile device connected earlier. as soon as the Smartphone connects with the device it is hijacked, hackers can then intercept every signal they smartphone sends or receives, including your user login id from email Accounts, social networks, Bank Accounts, text messages, websites you visit and your mobile usage preferences.

Wilkinson who developed the drone with Daniel Cuthbert at Sensepost Research Labs said, He was also able to obtain usernames and passwords for Amazon, PayPal and Yahoo accounts created for the purposes of our reporting so that we could verify the claims without stealing from passersby. 

Collecting metadata, device ids or Network name is not illegal according to the the Electronic Frontier Foundation. but intercepting credit card details, login ids would likely violate wiretapping and identity theft laws. 

Wilkinson said the purpose of this project is to raise awareness of the vulnerabilities of smart devices. 

Drones are Mobile and are often out of sight and reach from the victim, while it carries a threat to privacy if used with wrong intentions it also can help law enforcement agencies to use it for public safety in situation like Riots to find out the looters.
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New Virus Found Which Spread Through Wi-Fi And Collect Connected Users Data

Do you know how a Virus Spreads?

Most of you will answer via infected hard drive or infected removable Drives. Now all these concepts are too old, a Security researcher at University of Liverpool on Britain have shown how computer virus can spread through Wi-Fi, They have tested this virus in many Free Wi-Fi zones.

This Virus Spread like common cold in Humans, name of this virus is ‘Chameleon’ the ‘Chameleon’ virus can self propagate over Wi-Fi networks from access points to access points.
This virus was able to avoid detection and identify the points at which Wi-Fi is least protected by encryption and Password. It may steal data from users who are connected to unprotected Wi-Fi.

According to a Network Security Professor, “This Virus does not damage the existing network but instead infiltrates the data of all users connected to Wi-Fi. It was assumed that it was not possible to develop a virus that may spread through a Wi-Fi Network But we demonstrated that this is now possible to spread Virus through Wi-Fi network and it can spread quickly.”
Wifi Virus
Image Credits : mid-day.com
Most of the Antivirus Scans for infected files which are present in the computer and the Internet but Antivirus cannot scan publicly used Wi-Fi Network.

How Does Chameleon Virus Works?


It Detects the points at which Wi Fi is Least protected by Encryption and passwords.
It creates List of Access Points within the range.
Start’s attacking an Access Point.
Collects credentials of all other Wi-Fi users connected to it.

This Virus does not infect the network, but it collects the connected user’s data which makes it more dangerous.

Chameleon travels most quickly between access points within the distance of 160 feet.
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