China builds an ‘artificial sun’ that is 6 times hotter than our ‘natural sun’

China builds an artificial sun

China builds an ‘artificial sun’ that can hit temperatures of 100 million degrees Celsius

Last month, we had reported that a team of scientists at the Chengdu Aerospace Science and Technology Microelectronics System Research Institute Co (CASC) in China has developed an “artificial moon”, 8 times brighter than the natural moon to replace streetlights in the country by 2020.

Now, a team at the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences announced that its Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) reactor, has hit a new temperature of reaching 100 million degrees Celsius.

The EAST has been dubbed as “artificial sun” since it replicates the process used by the sun to produce energy. It burns at 100 million degrees Celsius, which is over six times hotter than the core of the sun. The temperature of the real sun’s core is at around 15 million degrees Celsius. The state-of-the-art reactor is designed to turn hydrogen into cost-effective green energy.

“Scientists carried out the experiments on plasma equilibrium and instability, confinement and transport, plasma-wall interaction and energetic particle physics to demonstrate the long time scale steady-state H-mode operation with good control of impurity, core/edge MHD stability, heat exhaust using an ITER-like tungsten divertor,” the institute wrote in its announcement article.

Our sun generates light and heat energy by a process called nuclear fusion when two hydrogen nuclei combine to produce huge amount of energy. Scientists believe that nuclear fusion occurs at 100 million degrees Celsius. However, since these two hydrogen nuclei normally resist each other, it requires vast temperatures to overcome their opposing forces.

Hence, reaching over 100 million degrees Celsius is an important step as this is the minimum temperature required to create conditions that are suitable for nuclear fusion on Earth.

The aim of the EAST is to comprehend nuclear fusion process before building a full reactor and use it as an alternative source of energy on Earth in the future. The process promises more power and is far safer than fission, producing almost no dangerous nuclear waste.

“Nuclear fusion is arguably the best way for human beings to get energy. In terms of raw materials, deuterium and tritium required for nuclear fusion are almost inexhaustible in the ocean. Besides, nuclear fusion does not produce any radioactive waste, so it is extremely environmentally friendly,” said the researchers in a recently issued statement.

Matthew Hole, an Associate professor from the Australian National University told ABC News that the achievement was an important step for nuclear fusion science and could be the solution to global energy problems.

“It’s certainly a significant step for China’s nuclear fusion program and an important development for the whole world,” Dr. Hole said.

“The benefit is simple in that it is very large-scale baseload [continuous] energy production, with zero greenhouse gas emissions and no long-life radioactive waste.

The research group in charge of EAST say it accomplished this milestone through the use of various new methods in heating and controlling the plasma; however, they were able to maintain the record temperature for just around 10 seconds.

Dr. Hole also adds that the nuclear fusion reactors evade the risks related to the current nuclear fission reactors, which can be modified into dangerous weapons and are susceptible to possible meltdowns with catastrophic outcomes.

The artificial sun was designed and built by China back in 2006. EAST is 11 meters tall, has an 8 meters diameter and weighs 400 tons. According to China Daily, China becomes the first country to design and develop such an equipment on its own.

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China plans to launch “artificial moon” to replace street lights

China plans to launch an “artificial moon” to replace street lights

China to replace street lights with its own artificial moon by 2020

Chinese scientists are planning to launch an artificial or man-made moon into orbit by 2020 to illuminate city streets after dark and lower electricity costs in urban areas.

Chengdu, the capital of China’s southwestern Sichuan province, is developing an illumination satellite that will have a reflective coating to cast sunlight back to Earth, according to a report in China Daily. The satellite will be about 500 km (310 miles) above the Earth, compared to the moon’s 380,000 km (236,000 miles). These satellites will be eight times brighter than Earth’s moon and will supplement streetlights at night in the city of Chengdu.

However, the streetlights wouldn’t “light up the entire night sky,” Wu Chunfeng, head of Tianfu New District System Science Research Institute in Chengdu, told in an interview with China Daily. “Its expected brightness, in the eyes of humans, is around one-fifth of normal streetlights,” added Wu. It could also help in emergency services during blackouts and natural disasters, he added.

According to Wu, an estimated 1.2 billion yuan ($170 million) could be saved annually in electricity costs for Chengdu, if the man-made moons illuminate an area of 50 square kilometers.

If the experimental project proves successful, China’s artificial moon may be joined by three more moons around the country in 2022. “The first moon will be mostly experimental, but the three moons in 2022 will be the real deal with great civic and commercial potential,” Wu said.

However, much more testing needs to be done, Wu said, to ensure the plan is feasible and will not have a harmful effect on the natural environment.

“We will only conduct our tests in an uninhabited desert, so our light beams will not interfere with any people or Earth-based space observation equipment,” he told the Daily.

Chengdu’s artificial moon project was announced by Wu at an innovation and entrepreneurship conference in Chengdu on October 10. The first man-made moon will launch from Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan.

This is not the first time that a country is trying to beam sunlight back to Earth. In the 1990s, Russian scientists carried out an experimental project called Znamya or Banner that used giant mirrors to reflect light from space. However, the mirror failed to unfold in space and the experiment was halted.

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Stephen Hawking’s final fear : A Terrifying Master Race Of Superhumans

Stephen Hawking's final fear : A Terrifying Master Race Of Superhumans

Professor Stephen Hawking was one of many scientists that pushed the human race forward by sharing his knowledge and understanding of the ever-expanding universe. Though, the physicist died in March aged 76. The concept of Superhumans he left behind is genuinely terrifying.

Superhumans: A Fear To Mankind

This Tuesday, Stephen Hawking’s final book In Brief Answers to the Big Questions revealed his fears about superhumans. According to Stephen Hawking, wealthy people in the future would be able to edit the DNA of their children. This editing in DNA will help in improving attributes like memory and disease immunity.

A child with edited DNA will be more intelligent as compared to a normal child. In addition to that, these people will also live a longer life. As for normal humans, he stated that: “Presumably they will die out, or become unimportant.

He predicted that even if laws were passed to curb this lousy activity of genetic engineering, there would always be people prepared to break any rules which would spark the rise of superhumans.

These highly intelligent superhumans will outperform human beings in multiple aspects. They will get control over political powers and it would be fairly difficult for normal human beings to evolve and match up to their standards. As a conclusion, this can be considered as an end of humanity.

Superhumans: Shall We Worry

Human beings always have the zeal to learn, experiment and evolve. Day by day we are witnessing massive enhancements in medical science. One of the major reason behind these medical researches is to enhance the quality and longevity of human life.

Genetic engineering provides access to a persons DNA, which when modified can show tremendous improvements in intelligence and quality of life. That said, it will still take a century or more to do fine tuning in human’s DNA. Furthermore, people may even come up to stop these researches at their early stage.

Do share your thoughts and opinions on Stephen Hawking’s terrifying predictions in the comments section below.

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This Exoskeleton Basically Makes You Doctor Octopus for Real

DR octopus

An inventor creates a working exoskeleton and more research is going on

Can’t stop drooling over Doctor Octopus’s set of highly advanced mechanical arms (excluding his detestable intent), Iron Man’s armor or Spider-Man’s latest suit in Avengers: Infinity War? Thanks to Robo geeks you can now get one for yourself!

In CNET’s What The Future episode, An exoskeleton created by inventor Erik Finman was spotlighted. It featured four working arms that were 3D printed. Mr. Finman created the tentacle arms for a 10-year old boy, a family friend of his, who was suffering from hyper mobility syndrome. To cast aside some of his problems the boy expressed his desire for such suit, which Finman effectuated.

Fascinating how well this 12 pound exoskeleton could be controlled by palm switches. Not sure about the extended uses but for possible uses definitely it stood up to expectation. Also, the lesser weight was appropriate enough for 10 year old kid. Finman said that an adult-sized version of the suit can also be created easily, with more power, enough to lift a car.

Persistent researches in this fictitious technology have dragged militaries as well, to pursue exoskeletons. Apparently, it would provide soldiers superhuman abilities, as the exoskeleton uses artificial intelligence to provide additional power and mobility to soldiers, and allows them to carry heavier loads.

Another fascinating headway in this futuristic tech is combining the power armor with Nerve Reversal Surgery which would empower amputees to use their thoughts to control these machines.

Altogether Exoskeletons have become a research hotspot recently, and a powered exoskeleton i.e. a wearable mobile machine which is powered by a system of electric motors, pneumatic, levers, hydraulics or a combination of technologies, can provide protection, assistance or help in the recovery of people with lower limbs paralysis.

Let’s hope the inventors succeed in their experiments and we all can experience some superhuman powers!

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Graphene ‘optical stimulation’ could selectively kill cancer cells

Graphene 'optical stimulation' could selectively kill cancer cells

Graphene ‘optical stimulation’ could make way for optical pacemakers and improved painkillers

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have come across a wonder material that could be used for a number of research and clinical applications, including drug testing, application of selective painkillers, creating light-controlled pacemakers and treatment of cancer.

The study published in May 18 issue of Science Advances, talks about the wonder material ‘Graphene’, a semi-metal composed of single layer of carbon atoms, which is known to be extremely sensitive to light (1,000 times greater than conventional digital cameras and smartphones) and can convert it into electricity.

Hence, the researchers decided to examine whether the electricity generated out of graphene had the capability to stimulate human cells. After experimenting with different light intensities, Alex Savchenko and his team discovered that cells could actually be stimulated via optical graphene stimulation.

“I was looking at the microscope’s computer screen and I’m turning the knob for light intensity and I see the cells start beating faster,” said Savchenko, first author, PhD, a research scientist in the Department of Pediatrics at UC San Diego School of Medicine and Sanford Consortium for Regenerative Medicine. “I showed that to our grad students and they were yelling and jumping and asking if they could turn the knob. We had never seen this possibility of controlling cell contraction.” Savchenko led the study with Elena Molokanova, PhD, CEO of Nanotools Bioscience.

The researchers found that they could control human heart cells growing in a dish by controlling how much electricity the graphene generated by changing the intensity of the light to which they exposed it. The cells could be manipulated to beat at wide-ranging rates such as 1.5 times faster, three times faster, 10 times faster, or whatever they needed.

“We were surprised at the degree of flexibility, that graphene allows you to pace cells literally at will,” said Savchenko. “You want them to beat twice as fast? No problem – you just increase the light intensity. Three times faster? No problem – increase the light or graphene density.”

Savchenko and his colleagues also discovered that could similarly control heart activity in a living organism (zebrafish embryos) using light and dispersed graphene.

Such optical graphene stimulation is significant, as Savchenko believes that it allows researchers an approach to tradition cells as if they are inside the body. This will allow researchers to make the graphene imitate a pattern of electricity similar to various heart diseases, making it easier for them to test heart medications and other new drugs, and also make better optical pacemakers.

Further, the study says that many biomedical research that depend on individual cells or cell cultures grown in plastic petri dishes or on glass plates to artificially stimulate a pain response in neurons that can be substituted with cells grown on graphene that in fact would provide a more realistic environment than standard plastic or glass laboratory dishes.

Currently, the team is concentrating on heart cells and neurons, but they are also looking to ultimately apply their graphene/light system to search for drugs that selectively destroy cancer cells, while leaving nearby healthy cells unharmed. Last but not the least, Savchenko believes light-controlled pacemakers made of graphene could be safer and more effective than current models.

While all these appear to be an uphill task, but Savchenko is optimistic. “You can squeeze a half-year of animal experiments into a day of experiments with this graphene-based system,” he said.

Source: ucsdnews

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What Is Computer Vision Syndrome?

What Is Computer Vision Syndrome?

Computer Vision Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Computer Vision Syndrome?

With computers and other electronic devices becoming an integral part of our daily lives, many individuals end up watching computer screens, tablet, e-reader, and smartphones for prolonged or extended periods that can put a real strain on one’s eyes.

This digital eye strain falls under the heading ‘Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS)’. CVS has become more common these days as almost 50% to 90% of people work on computer screens for more than 3 to 4 hours a day. Not only working adults but even kids are affected due to use of tablets and computers at school if used for prolonged hours. However, CVS is a temporary condition that is caused due to concentrating on computer screen for too long.

What causes Computer Vision Syndrome?

There are a number of factors that contributes for CVS to develop. This could include lighting in the room, seating position, distance from the screen, glare and reflections on the monitor and surroundings, strain on the muscles of the eye due to work style, poor workstation setup or incorrect use of workstation, decreased blink rate or tear function, uncorrected spectacle power, inappropriate glasses for computer use, angle of the head, job nature and stress. Any one or all of the factors combine to cause an uncomfortable amount of strain on your eyes. Also, when one reaches around 40 years, the ability to concentrate on near and far objects starts going away, which is called as ‘presbyopia’ by eye doctors.

Symptoms of Computer Vision Syndrome

Regular use of computer can start having effects on your body including eyes, although there is no proof that it causes any long-term damage to the eyes. However, you may have experienced at least one of the common symptoms of CVS which include:

  • Headaches
  • Neck pain
  • Shoulder pain
  • Burning eyes
  • Dry, red eyes
  • Eye irritation
  • Light sensitivity
  • Double or blurred vision
  • Eye fatigue
  • Vertigo/Dizziness
  • Polypia
  • Difficulty in changing focus between far and near

If you experience any of the above problems, it is advisable to look into to avoid further damage to your eyes.

Treatment for Computer Vision Syndrome

A few simple changes can help prevent or reduce the risk of computer eye strain and other common symptoms of CVS:

  • Use proper lighting that is comfortable on your eyes, and prevents you from staring into glare on the computer screen. Adjust or add window blinds and get an anti-glare screen on your monitor. Position the computer screen to reduce reflections from windows or overhead lights. If the overhead fixtures are too bright, change light bulbs to a full spectrum light or a lower wattage light. Buy yourself a desk lamp with a moveable shade that casts light evenly over your desk.
  • Place your computer at least 20 inches away from your eyes. Adjust the monitor so that it is slightly below your eye level, about 20 to 28 inches away from your face. Adjust the screen settings to where they are comfortable, such as contract polarity, resolution, flicker, brightness, contrast, and font size.
  • Ensure that your chair is comfortable and has support for your neck and back. This will help you avoid neck and shoulder strain commonly associated with CVS.
  • Follow the 20-20-20 rule. Every 20 minutes, spend 20 seconds looking at something 20 feet away, that will give the overused muscles and computer eye strain a necessary time out. Blink often to keep your eyes moist, as blinking washes your eyes in naturally therapeutic tears. Use eye lubricants, if you have dry eyes to keep them moist.
  • If you wear glasses, purchase lenses with anti-reflective (AR) coating. AR coating reduces glare by minimizing the amount of light reflecting off the front and back surfaces of your eyeglass lenses.
  • Visit your eye doctor regularly for comprehensive eye exams and keep your prescriptions up to date. It could also be time to try a separate set of glasses while in front of a computer.

Disclaimer: Please note that this article should not be construed as a medical advice. This article is not intended to replace the recommendations of a medical professional.

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Conspiracy Theorists Believe That Nibiru Will End The World On April 23

Conspiracy Theorists Believe That Nibiru Will End The World On April 23

Nibiru: Will the world end in April 2018?

Predictions regarding the extinction of humanity, or huge collapse of civilization, the destruction of the planet or even the universe has been going on as long as mankind has walked the Earth.

Now, conspiracy theorists have come up with fresh fears that the world will end as early as April 23, as a giant mysterious death star “Nibiru” also known as Planet X, is set to cause destruction across the Earth. Nibiru is supposed to be a large object that is on a collision course with Earth.

David Meade, a Christian numerologist and who writes for Planet X News told the Daily Express newspaper that the occurrence of an apocalypse on April 23 will ultimately destroy our Earth. It is claimed that the Sun, Moon and Jupiter will align in the constellation Virgo, igniting the beginning of the biblical Rapture, which is also known as the second coming of Jesus Christ.

Conspiracy theorists say a passage in the bible from the book of Revelation 12:1-2 points to the end of the world. Astrological constellations are said to match up with passage 12:1-2 of the Book of Revelations, which reads: “And a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of 12 stars. She was pregnant and was crying out in birth pains and the agony of giving birth.”

The woman in the passage is believed to be Virgo, where the Sun and Moon are claimed to align, along with the Jupiter, which represents the Messiah, that matches the planetary alignment due to take place on April 23, theorists say.

Meade believes that on that night, Nibiru or Planet X will suddenly appear in the sky and may collide with our Earth or may fly very close to Earth that will bring finally bring destruction on our planet in the form of massive volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and tsunamis on Earth.

Meade has referred to this spring as an “end of days convergence.”

Responding to the latest claims, pessimists say that this type of particular astrological alignment happens every 12 years, but Meade believes it otherwise.

He says: “By early April of 2018, the disappearance of the Church (all true Christians worldwide also known as the Rapture) will occur.

“This will be followed quickly by the rise of the Antichrist, the appearance of Planet X and World War III.

“Seven years of Tribulation will ensure. This is beyond any shadow of doubt.”

He also said that the upcoming planetary alignment is a “unique once-in-a-century sign”.

He added: “During this time frame, on April 23, 2018 the moon appears under the feet of the Constellation Virgo.

“The Sun appears to precisely clothe Virgo… Jupiter is birthed on April 08, 2018.

“The 12 stars at that date include the nine stars of Leo, and the three planetary alignments of Mercury, Venus and Mars – which combine to make a count of 12 stars on the head of Virgo.

“Thus the constellations Virgo, Leo and Serpens-Ophiuchus represent a unique once-in-a-century sign exactly as depicted in the 12th chapter of Revelation. This is our time marker.”

Before you start to panic, please note that Meade and fellow doomsday foretellers have in the past incorrectly predicted the end of the world. NASA experts has dismissed the theory calling it a hoax. It has also said repeatedly that Nibiru does not exist and released a statement to confirm it wasn’t true.

The statement read: “Various people are ‘predicting’ that world will end on September 23 when another planet collides with Earth. The planet in question, Nibiru, doesn’t exist, so there will be no collision,” the space agency said.

“Nibiru and other stories about wayward planets are an internet hoax.

“There is no factual basis for these claims. If Nibiru or Planet X were real and headed for an encounter with the Earth astronomers would have been tracking it for at least the past decade, and it would be visible by now to the naked eye.

“Obviously, it does not exist.”

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Biometric credit card technology – An Overview

Of late there are several companies that are making use of technology to prevent plastic card related fraudulent activities by making use of the concept of biometric fingerprint activated debit and credit cards.

Companies like SmartMetric, Zwipe, and Visa have taken the initiative. It is being said that biometric fingerprint technology has the ability to change the scenario of the manner in which card payments are made worldwide thereby restricting fraudsters to carry out their horrendous activities.

However, there is an important implication in this. This concept can be applied for preventing fraud at that takes place at POS or Point of Sale. However, experts emphasize that preventing fraud at POS is just not enough; it has to be also effective for CNP or Card-not-present transactions.

Statistical data

The Nilson Report states that in the year 2014 alone, the losses incurred on credit card fraud amounted to a whopping USD$16.31 billion across the globe. And interestingly, United States alone suffered losses worth USD$7.86 billion. The type of fraud that caused the loss in figures includes losses from card-not-present transactions, stolen cards, lost cards, and counterfeiting. And what is even more striking is that experts still predict that fraudulent activity related to plastic cards (debit as well as credit cards) will amount to a loss worth more than USD$35.54 billion by the year 2020.

To counteract the fraudulent activities, MasterCard came into a contract with Zwipe in the year 2014 and the world’s first biometric contactless payment card was launched. It had fingerprint sensor that was integrated. Soon companies like Visa followed suit and its designs were based entirely on Visa (EVM) chip standard, MasterCard, and EuroPay. The aforesaid cards work on the principle of “match-on-card” authentication and makes use of biometric readers at the terminals (ATM).

Aside from the above, SmartMetric came up with EMV compliant biometric plastic card, which makes use of a built-in fingerprint reader inside the card, which enables to identify the identity of the cardholder.

Banking sector opt for prevention methods for credit card frauds

The small chip that you get to see on your plastic cards is the first line of defense when it comes to preventing credit card fraud. In fact banks are carrying out experiments to improve upon means of combating plastic card frauds. In fact, fingerprint scanners are also being tested by banks.

Concept of Motion Code

The concept of Motion code has been found to fight credit card fraud in a totally new manner. In this the CVV number that is on the reverse side of the cards is nothing but a display that is mainly digital in nature.

The fact that the number is constantly changing makes it impossible for anyone to use the number for fraudulent transactions. If at all anyone tries to misuse it, he won’t be able to.

Samsung Pay, Android Pay, and Apple Pay refrain from sending the actual or so called real plastic card numbers to the merchants. Instead they make use of so called one-time code that prevents your original digits from being transmitted to the merchants.

It has been observed that so called “fingerprint validation technology” is effective even in case of smartphone digital wallets as in Apple Pay. However, there is one hitch and that is this concept does not work well with the older phones. And for this reason every effort is being made so that the older phones can be made compatible with appropriate biometric verification tools thereby curbing the incidence of CNP or card-not-present transactions. Other options that are being tried out for preventing credit card frauds are voice recognition and facial recognition. And it is being apprehended that it is not too far when these technologies will be implemented too.

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BYU researchers create ‘Star Wars’ inspired 3D images

BYU researchers create 'Star Wars' inspired 3D images

Researchers create ‘true’ Star Wars like 3D holograms with tiny particles, lasers

Do you remember the scene from the sci-fi film ‘Star Wars’ where the R2-D2 beams a hologram of Princess Leia into thin air? Looks like it might not take long before the true Princess Leia hologram experience becomes a reality.

Apparently, researchers at Utah’s Brigham Young University (BYU) uses the method dubbed as “optical trap display” that is capable of projecting 3D “volumetric images” into “thin air”. According to a study published in Nature’s journal, the technology can be used to project small floating 3D volumetric images that can be viewed and interacted from all angles. Viewers can walk around the projections and even place a finger below them.

“Often, when we think of an image that’s floating in space that’s 3D, we think of a hologram,” explains the lead researcher, Daniel Smalley, the study’s lead author and a BYU electrical and computer engineering professor and holography expert. “But really, a hologram cannot make the Princess Leia image, or the Avatar table, or the Iron Man display. A 3D image that floats in [the air], that you can walk all around and see from every angle, this image is called a ‘volumetric image.'”

The Optical Trap Display uses colorful lasers to capture physical particles, which are then moved around to create the 3D image. “You capture a particle in an invisible, or almost invisible ‘tractor beam’,” explains the lead researcher, Daniel Smalley, the study’s lead author and a BYU electrical and computer engineering professor and holography expert, “then you drag that around to every point of an image. When it’s in the right place, you shoot it with red, green and blue lasers to make it illuminate, and build up an image point by point, dragging this cellulose particle around as you go.”

Smalley compares the technology to a “3D printer for light” because it works through a combination of multi-color laser beams and tiny plant fiber particles called cellulose. A scientific phenomenon known as Photophoresis allows you to push a particle in the air by blasting it with a beam of light.

“We’re using a laser beam to trap a particle, and then we can steer the laser beam around to move the particle and create the image,” said Erich Nygaard, a researcher on the team in a statement.

Several tiny images have been 3D-light-printed by Smalley and his team, such as a butterfly, a prism, the stretch-Y BYU logo, animated rings and an individual in a lab coat bent in a position similar to Princess Leia as she begins her projected message.

Smalley said the new technology is “printing something in space, just erasing it very quickly.” He added, “We’re providing a method to make a volumetric image that can create the images we imagine we’ll have in the future. It can create the images of science fiction where it wasn’t previously possible. It is very much like the displays of science fiction.”

One day, this method could be used to help guide medical procedures, said Smalley. For instance, if the surgeons want to get a 3D view of an artery, displays like this could be used by them before inserting a catheter. Similarly, this technology could be used for entertainment as well.

“It’s firmly in the Elon Musk category of items, where with enough spark and money, it will definitely happen eventually,” said Smalley.

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Scientists prove the existence of fourth spatial dimension

Scientists prove the existence of fourth spatial dimension

Experiments Show Fourth Spatial Dimension Effect

Since childhood, we have been seeing universe with the three physical dimensions. The theory of relativity was given by Albert Einstein in 1905 which talked about the fourth dimension based on time. A recent study by two teams of scientist from Germany, USA, Switzerland, Israel and Italy have put light on the fourth dimension, a new spatial dimension.

The theoretic concept given by the lead author of the research portrays that a fourth dimension exists where people can move forward and backward in time. Penn State University’s professor Mikael Rechtsman stated that it is not possible to feel the 4D spatial system physically, but they managed to get a quick look of the fourth dimension.

This staggering study was result of two quantum hall experiments by the researchers. It was based on quantum hall effects which happens when a moving electron experiences a high magnetic field, applied by an external source, strictly moving in two dimensions, at a very low temperature. Due to this, electrons travel in fixed paths and with the application of a certain magnetic field by the scientists, electron can move along the edges of the solid material. Researchers believe something similar would happen with particles in fourth dimension.

Nobel prize in 2016 was received by the scientists who studied this effect. And three more Nobel prizes were awarded theoretical effect of this study.

In this study of fourth dimension, researchers had a special setup where electrons could move in just two dimensions.

The flow and behavior of electron changed when a perpendicular magnetic field was applied on to the electron on the 2D plane.

This could be altered further by decreasing the temperature of the environment and increasing the voltage.

More was the voltage, greater the magnetic field and more application of quantum mechanics.

Topological pumps were used in the research that let the researchers change the quantum state in a predefined way and the system could be converted from two dimensional one to a fourth dimensional system.

This experiment is in its absolutely initial state but would definitely be a breakthrough in the history of mankind and the researchers are trying their best to find out more about it’s working. However, it’s a start to this new world and if it worked out, the sci-fi movies will turn out to become non-fiction ones. How cool will be that!

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